|2004 Summer Olympics medals|
|Most gold medals||United States (36)|
|Most total medals||United States (101)|
The 2004 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad, were a summer multi-sport event held in Athens, the capital city of Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004. A total of 10,625 athletes from 201 countries represented by National Olympic Committees participated in these games, competing in 301 events in 28 sports. Kiribati and Timor Leste competed for the first time in these Olympic Games.
Athletes from 74 countries won at least one medal. The United States won the most gold medals (36), the most silver medals (40) and the most medals overall (101). China finished second on the International Olympic Committee medal table (though third in terms of total medals), the country's best performance until the 2008 Beijing Olympics, where they was hosts. Russia finished third, (second in total medals), and also won the most bronze medals (38). Host nation Greece finished fifteenth, with six gold, six silver, and four bronze medals, in its best total medal haul since 1896.
Australia became the first nation to improve their gold medal total at the Games immediately after hosting a Summer Olympics. The United Arab Emirates, Paraguay and Eritrea won their first ever Olympic medals. Israel, Chile, Dominican Republic, Georgia, Chinese Taipei and United Arab Emirates won their first Olympic gold medals.
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|2004 Summer Olympics|
The medal table is based on information provided by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won (in this context, a nation is an entity represented by a National Olympic Committee). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically.
|23 August||Athletics||Men's 400 metres||United States||Jeremy Wariner||Otis Harris||Derrick Brew|
|24 August||Athletics||Men's 3000 metres steeplechase||Kenya||Ezekiel Kemboi||Brimin Kipruto||Paul Kipsiele Koech|
|26 August||Athletics||Men's 200 metres||United States||Shawn Crawford||Bernard Williams||Justin Gatlin|
|27 August||Athletics||Women's long jump||Russia||Tatyana Lebedeva||Irina Simagina||Tatyana Kotova|
Changes in medal standings
During the Games the following changes in medal standings occurred:
- Greek weightlifter Leonidas Sabanis was the first, losing his bronze medal in the men's 62 kg competition, so fourth placed Venezuelan Israel José Rubio received the medal in his place.
- Russian athlete Irina Korzhanenko lost her gold medal in women's shot put due to doping, with Cuban Yumileidi Cumbá Jay replacing her as the Olympic champion, German Nadine Kleinert receiving the silver medal, and Svetlana Krivelyova of Russia receiving the bronze medal. Krivelyova was later stripped of her bronze for the same reason.
- Hungarian Róbert Fazekas was stripped of his gold medal in the men's discus throw, shifting the gold medal to Virgilijus Alekna of Lithuania, the silver medal to Zoltán Kővágó of Hungary, and the bronze medal to Aleksander Tammert of Estonia.
- Adrián Annus, also from Hungary, was stripped of the gold medal in the men's hammer throw, handing the Olympic title to Koji Murofushi of Japan, with Ivan Tsikhan of Belarus taking the silver, and Eşref Apak of Turkey taking the bronze medal.
- Ferenc Gyurkovics, also from Hungary, was stripped silver medal in weightlifting +105 kg, Ihor Razoronov from Ukraine received silver, and Gleb Pisarevskiy from Russia received bronze.
Since the conclusion of the 2004 Games, doping scandals have resulted in the revocations of medals from numerous athletes, thus affecting the medal standings.
|List of changes in medal standings|
|Ruling date||Sport/Event||Athlete (NOC)||Total||Comment|
|20 August 2004||Weightlifting
Men's 62 kg
|Leonidas Sabanis (GRE) DSQ||–1||–1||Greece's Leonidas Sabanis was stripped of his bronze medal and expelled from the Games after he tested positive for excess testosterone.|
|Israel José Rubio (VEN)||+1||+1|
|3 December 2004||Equestrian
|Ludger Beerbaum (GER) DSQ||–1||+1||0||In the team jumping event, German equestrian Ludger Beerbaum was disqualified, after his horse Goldfever tested positive for the illegal substance betamethasone. This led to the gold medal being awarded the second-placed American team Chris Kappler, Beezie Madden, McLain Ward, and Peter Wylde, and the silver medal to third-placed Peder Fredericson, Rolf-Göran Bengtsson, Peter Eriksson, and Malin Baryard of the Swedish team. Christian Ahlmann, Marco Kutscher, and Otto Becker of the German team retained a medal, as they were able to earn the bronze medal without Goldfever's results.|
|27 March 2005||Equestrian
|Cian O'Connor (IRL) DSQ||–1||–1||Irish equestrian Cian O'Connor was stripped of his gold medal in individual jumping, due to the doping of his horse, Waterford Crystal, resulting in the title being awarded to Rodrigo Pessoa of Brazil, the silver medal to Chris Kappler of the United States, and the bronze medal to Marco Kutscher of Germany.|
|Rodrigo Pessoa (BRA)||+1||–1||0|
|Chris Kappler (USA)||+1||–1||0|
|Marco Kutscher (GER)||+1||+1|
|10 August 2012||Cycling
Men's road time trial
|Tyler Hamilton (USA) DSQ||–1||–1||US cyclist Tyler Hamilton in men's road time trial confessed that he used doping during the Olympics. His gold medal was reallocated to Viatcheslav Ekimov from Russia, US cyclist Bobby Julich was awarded the silver medal, and Australian Michael Rogers received bronze.|
|Viatcheslav Ekimov (RUS)||+1||–1||0|
|Bobby Julich (USA)||+1||–1||0|
|Michael Rogers (AUS)||+1||+1|
|5 December 2012||Athletics
Men's hammer throw
|Ivan Tsikhan (BLR) DSQ||–1||–1||Four Athletes were stripped of their medals on 5 December 2012 after drug re-testings of their samples were found positive.
In first two cases medals were not reallocated, as the athletes who were supposed to receive them, tested for doping themselves.
Women's shot put
|Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS) DSQ||–1||–1|
|5 March 2013||Athletics
Men's shot put
|Yuriy Bilonoh (UKR) DSQ||–1||–1|
|Adam Nelson (USA)||+1||–1||0|
|Joachim Olsen (DEN)||+1||–1||0|
|Manuel Martínez (ESP)||+1||+1|
|30 May 2013||Athletics
Women's discus throw
|Iryna Yatchenko (BLR) DSQ||–1||–1|
|Věra Pospíšilová-Cechlová (CZE)||+1||+1|
|30 May 2013||Weightlifting
Men's 77 kg
|Oleg Perepetchenov (RUS) DSQ||–1||–1||On 12 February 2013 the International Olympic Committee stripped Russian weightlifter Oleg Perepetchenov of his bronze medal in the Men's 77 kg after both probes were retested and showed traces of anabolic steroids.|
During the meeting of the IOC Executive Board, on 30 May 2013, it was decided that athlete Reyhan Arabacıoğlu (Turkey), originally fourth, would be the new bronze medalist proof in the Men's 77 kg.
|Reyhan Arabacıoğlu (TUR)||+1||+1|
Women's 4 × 400 metres relay
|Crystal Cox (USA) DSQ||0||0||In 2010, Crystal Cox, who only ran for the U.S. team in the prelims, admitted to using anabolic steroids from 2001 to 2004. As a result, she forfeited all of her results from that time period, and agreed to a four-year suspension, until January 2014. In 2013, both the IAAF and the IOC announced that the result would stand and the American squad (except Cox) would be allowed to retain their gold medals due to the fact that, according to the rules of the time, a team should not be disqualified because of a doping offense of an athlete who didn't compete in the finals.|
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