at the Games of the III Olympiad
|Venue||Francis Olympic Field|
|Dates||29 August – 3 September|
|No. of events||25|
|Competitors||233 from 10 nations|
|Athletics at the|
1904 Summer Olympics
|110 m hurdles||men|
|200 m hurdles||men|
|400 m hurdles||men|
|2590 m steeplechase||men|
|4 mile team race||men|
|Standing long jump||men|
|Standing triple jump||men|
|Standing high jump||men|
|56 pound weight throw||men|
Multi-event competitions, the all-around and triathlon, were introduced, along with a 56-pound weight throw, while the short steeplechase was lengthened slightly from 2500 to 2590 metres, the team race was lengthened from 5000 meters to 4 miles (6,437 m), and the long steeplechase was dropped.
In all, the 25 events featured in 1904 were 2 more than were held in 1900.
|Totals (7 entries)||25||25||24||74|
233 athletes from 11 nations competed. This figure includes the athletic triathlon event, which some sources exclude.
- Australia (2)
- Canada (5)
- Cuba (1)
- France (1)
- Germany (9)
- Great Britain (3)
- Greece (10)
- Hungary (2)
- South Africa (3)
- Switzerland (1)
- United States (196)
The first to arrive at the finish line was Frederick Lorz, who actually rode the rest of the way in a car to retrieve his clothes, after dropping out after nine miles, but after the car broke down at the 19th mile, he re-entered the race and jogged back to the finish line.
As officials and fans believed he had won the race, Lorz played along with his practical joke until he was found out shortly before the medal ceremony. He admitted the ruse, and was banned for life by the AAU; however, after Lorz apologized for this stunt and it was found he had no intention to defraud, he was reinstated, and won the 1905 Boston Marathon.
Thomas Hicks was the first to the finish legally, after having received from his trainers several doses of strychnine sulfate (a common rat poison, which stimulates the nervous system in small doses) mixed with egg whites and brandy. While he was supported by his trainers when he crossed the finish line, he is still considered the winner: Hicks had to be carried off the track on a stretcher, and possibly would have died in the stadium had he not been treated by several doctors. He lost eight pounds during the course of the marathon.
A Cuban postman named Felix Carvajal joined the marathon, arriving at the last minute. He had to run in street clothes that a fellow runner cut around the legs to make them look like shorts. He stopped off in an orchard en route to have a snack on some apples which turned out to be rotten, and caused him to have to lie down and take a nap. Despite falling ill from the apples, he finished in fourth place.
- "Athletics at the 1904 Summer Olympics". Olympedia. Retrieved 3 September 2001.
- Daly represented Ireland in this event, but the IOC lists him as competing for Great Britain, which Ireland was part of at the time.
- Kiely represented Ireland in this event, but the IOC lists him as competing for Great Britain, which Ireland was part of at the time.
- "The 1904 Olympic Marathon May Have Been the Strangest Ever | History | Smithsonian Magazine".
- Cronin, Brian (2010-08-10). "Sports Legend Revealed: A marathon runner nearly died". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles.
- Martin, David E.; Gynn, Roger W. H. (2000). The Olympic Marathon. Human Kinetics. p. 48. ISBN 9780880119696.
- Abbott, Karen. "The 1904 Olympic Marathon May Have Been the Strangest Ever". Smithsonian.com. Retrieved April 8, 2015.
- Martin, David E.; Gynn, Roger W. H. (2000). The Olympic Marathon. Human Kinetics. p. 50. ISBN 9780880119696.