Coroebus of Elis
Coroebus of Elis (Greek: Κόροιβος Ἠλεῖος, Kóroibos Ēleîos; Latin: Coroebus Eleus) was a Greek cook, baker, and athlete from Elis. He is remembered as the winner (ολυμπιονίκες, olympioníkes) of the first recorded Olympics, which consisted of a single footrace known as the stade or stadion. He is frequently described as having won the first Olympic Games, but Eusebius and other ancient writers stated that he was simply the first recorded winner, variously placing the first games in the Heroic Age, 27 olympiads before Coroebus, or 13 olympiads before. Coroebus being the earliest winner known to Hippias, his is still reckoned the "1st Olympiad"; following Hippias's dating, his victory is generally placed in the summer of the year 776 BC. The stadium at Olympia was one stade (600 Greek feet, 630.8 English feet, 192.27 m) long and the competition was still clothed in his time, naked competition beginning with Orsippus around 720 BC. For winning the race, Coroebus received an olive wreath and was later revered by the people of Elis, his grave still being known in the time of Pausanias.
- Michael Symons, A History of Cooks and Cooking, University of Illinois Press, 2003, p.300
- Robert Garland. Celebrity in Antiquity: From Media Tarts to Tabloid Queens. London: Duckworth, 2006.
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 5.8.6–9.
- Eusebius. Chronicon, 69 & 70.
- Stefan Lehmann: Olympia, das Grab des Koroibos und die Altertumswissenschaften in Halle, in: Olympisch bewegt. Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag von Manfred Lämmer, hrsg. vom Institut für Sportgeschichte der Deutschen Sporthochschule Köln und dem Carl und Liselott Diem-Archiv, Köln 2003, S. 163–175.
- "Ancient Stadium", www.olympia-greece.org/.
- Matz, David (2000), Famous Firsts in the Ancient Greek and Roman World, McFarland, p. 103.