Croxley Green Windmill

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    Croxley Green Windmill
    Croxley Green Windmill.png
    Origin
    Mill nameCroxley Green Mill
    Mill locationTQ 067 953
    Coordinates51°38′47″N 0°27′29″W / 51.64639°N 0.45806°W / 51.64639; -0.45806Coordinates: 51°38′47″N 0°27′29″W / 51.64639°N 0.45806°W / 51.64639; -0.45806
    Operator(s)Private
    Year builtc1860
    Information
    PurposeCorn mill
    TypeTower mill
    StoreysFive storeys
    No. of sailsFour sails
    Type of sailsPatent sails
    WindingFantail
    Auxiliary powerSteam engine
    No. of pairs of millstonesThree pairs

    Croxley Green Windmill is a Grade II listed[1] tower mill at Croxley Green, Hertfordshire, England which has been converted to residential accommodation.

    History

    Croxley Green Windmill was built c1860. Isaac Watts was the miller in 1861. He was living at Warden Hill near Luton, Bedfordshire in 1859. The mill was working by wind until the sails were blown off in the 1880s and from 1886 is recorded as having worked by steam engine only. The mill was last used to grind wheat in 1899 and after that it was used as a saw mill and turnery. By the 1930s the mill was used as a chicken house and pigeon loft. During the Second World War it was used as an Air Raid Precautions observation post, with an air raid siren mounted on the tower. The mill was converted to residential accommodation in the 1960s[2]

    The Windmill and 1960's residential extension are currently going through a restoration project to bring it up to modern standards started in 2019.

    Description

    Croxley Green Mill is a five-storey tower mill with a stage at second floor level. The tower has an internal diameter of 22 feet (6.71 m) at ground level. It had a boat shaped cap winded by a fantail. The four Patent sails drove three pairs of millstones.[2]

    Millers

    • Isaac Watts 1861-62
    • Philip Howard 1862-65
    • J Batchelor 1865-70
    • William Caldwell 1870-74
    • Ephraim Holloway 1874-95
    • Hannah Holloway 1895-1900

    Reference for above:-[2]

    References

    1. ^ Historic England. "THE WINDMILL, WINDMILL DRIVE (north side), RICKMANSWORTH, THREE RIVERS, HERTFORDSHIRE (1100797)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 June 2009.
    2. ^ a b c Moore, Cyril (1999). Hertfordshire Windmills and Windmillers. Sawbridgeworth: Windsup Publishing. pp. 71–72. ISBN 0-9533861-0-4.

    External links