Fédération Internationale de Volleyball

International Volleyball Federation
AbbreviationFIVB
PredecessorInternational Amateur Handball Federation
Founded20 April 1947; 75 years ago (1947-04-20)
Founded atParis, France
TypeSports federation
Legal statusGoverning body of Volleyball
PurposeSport governance
HeadquartersLausanne, Switzerland
Coordinates46°30′26.87″N 6°38′8.7″E / 46.5074639°N 6.635750°E / 46.5074639; 6.635750Coordinates: 46°30′26.87″N 6°38′8.7″E / 46.5074639°N 6.635750°E / 46.5074639; 6.635750
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
222 national associations
Official languages
English, French, Spanish, Arabic,
Portuguese, Russian[1]
President
Ary Graça
Main organ
Congress
Subsidiaries
AffiliationsInternational Olympic Committee
Revenue (2017)
US$65.34 million[2]
Expenses (2017)US$60.54 million[2]
WebsiteFIVB.com
FIVB Headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland.

The Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (English: International Volleyball Federation), commonly known by the acronym FIVB, is the international governing body for all forms of volleyball.[3] Its headquarters are located in Lausanne, Switzerland, and its current president is Ary Graça of Brazil.

History

Before the FIVB was founded volleyball was part of the International Amateur Handball Federation. The FIVB was founded in France in April 1947.[4] In the late 1940s, some of the European national federations began to address the issue of creating an international governing body for the sport of volleyball. Initial discussions eventually lead to the installation of a Constitutive Congress in 1947. Fourteen national federations representing five different continents attended the meetings where, between 18 and 20 April, the entity was officially formed, having Frenchman Paul Libaud as first president. The first Asia volleyball championship was held at Tokyo (Japan ) in 1995 and in this championship India had beaten Japan in final.

One of the main goals of the 1947 Congress was achieved two years later with the establishment of the first international major volleyball event, the World Championship. In 1952, a women's version of the tournament was also introduced.

In 1964, the IOC endorsed the addition of volleyball to the Olympic programme. By this time, the number of national federations affiliated to the FIVB had grown to 89. Later in that year (1969), a new international event, the World Cup was introduced. It would be turned into a qualifying event for the Olympic Games in 1991.

Following Libaud's retirement and the election of Mexican Rubén Acosta Hernandez for the position of president in 1984, the FIVB moved its headquarters from Paris, France to Lausanne, Switzerland and intensified to an unprecedented level its policy of promoting volleyball on a worldwide basis. Measures taken in this direction include the establishment of annual competitions for men's and women's volleyball (the World League, in 1990, and the Grand Prix, in 1993), the indication of Beach volleyball as an Olympic event (1996) and a number of changes in the rules of the game with the purpose of enhancing public visibility.

On 19 June 2008, Wei Jizhong (Chinese: 魏纪中) of China, who during this period served as the 1st Vice president took over during the 31st World Congress in Dubai when Dr. Rubén Acosta decided to step down. Mr. Jizhong Wei became the third president in the history of the FIVB. The handover of the presidency took place on 24 August 2008 in Beijing.

As of 2020, the FIVB counted 222 affiliated national federations.

In response to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, the International Volleyball Federation suspended all Russian national teams, clubs, and officials, as well as beach and snow volleyball athletes, from all events, and stripped Russia of the right to host the 2022 FIVB Volleyball Men's World Championship in August 2022, and will relocate games that were to be in Russia in June and July.[5][6]

Activities

The FIVB's main activity is worldwide planning and organisation of volleyball events, sometimes in conjunction with other international governing bodies such as the IOC. This involves defining qualification procedures and competition formulae for tournaments, as well as more specific details such as player line-up and replacement restrictions, venues and hosts.

The FIVB participates directly in the organization of continental volleyball events which have an attached international significance, such as Olympic and World Championship continental qualification tournaments.

Amongst others, the FIVB organizes the following international volleyball tournaments:

Defunct

and the following international under-age volleyball tournaments:

and the following international beach volleyball tournaments:

and the following international under-age beach volleyball tournaments:

The FIVB also maintains extensive special programmes aimed at the advance of world volleyball. This includes the constitution of development centers in areas where the sport is still unpopular, as well as support (in instruction and equipment) for organizations that fail to meet the quality standards required on an international level. Therefore, FIVB organizes congress, workshops, courses for referees, coaches and teachers, to promote grassroot volleyball development, such as:

  • Volley All Festival
  • Good Net Project in 2019 [7]
  • School Volleyball Congress in 2007
  • Volleyball Medicine Congress in 2011
  • Symposium on Match Analysis in 1981 [8]
  • Symposium on Mini Volleyball in 1985

Another relevant area of concern is the promotion of volleyball in a worldwide scale. Part of the FIVB's activities in this area consists in attracting media partners and sponsors through negotiation of commercial rights for broadcasting and coverage of major events.

As reported by Olympic news outlet Around the Rings, the FIVB recently launched a new "FIVB Heroes" promotion in Rome. The campaign uses billboards, posters and statues of the top beach volleyball players situated around the city to enhance visibility and profiles of the athletes.

The FIVB is responsible for the standardization of volleyball rules. In recent years, many changes were implemented in connection with its promotional and marketing vision, in an alleged attempt to improve public visibility and make the sport comply to the demands of sponsors and media organizations. These changes range from ingenuous, almost commonplace restrictions, such as the obligation of a "fashionable" uniform – meaning tight clothing, supposed to be more appealing to the audience because it makes players bodies salient –, to very drastic changes in the format of competitions (e.g., the rally-point system).

The FIVB is the ultimate international authority in volleyball, and judges (or is involved at least to some degree in the judgement) issues such as doping, regulation of player transfer, nationality changes and gender determination. It also publishes the FIVB World Rankings, used as basis for seeding in international competitions.

Current champions in FIVB tournaments

Volleyball

Nations

Tournament Senior
(M) – (W)
U23
(M) – (W)
Junior
(M U21) – (W U20)
Youth
(M U19) – (W U18)
World Championship (Men)  Italy (2022)  Argentina (2017)  Italy (2021)  Poland (2021)
(Women)  Serbia (2022)  Turkey (2017)  Italy (2021)  Russia (2021)
Olympic Games (Men)  France (2020) N/A  Cuba (2010)
(Women)  United States (2020)  Belgium (2010)
World Cup (Men)  Brazil (2019) N/A
(Women)  China (2019)
World Grand Champions Cup (Men)  Brazil (2017) N/A
(Women)  China (2017)
Volleyball Nations League (Men)  France (2022) N/A
(Women)  Italy (2022)
Confederation Senior U23 Junior Youth
Africa (CAVB) (Men)  Tunisia (2021)  Algeria (2017)  Egypt (2022)  Nigeria (2022)
(Women)  Cameroon (2021)  Egypt (2016)  Egypt (2022)  Egypt (2022)
Asia & Oceania (AVC) (Men)  Iran (2021)  Chinese Taipei (2019)  Iran (2022)  Japan (2022)
(Women)  Japan (2019)  China (2019)  Japan (2022)  Japan (2022)
Europe (CEV) (Men)  Italy (2021) N/A  Italy (2022)  Italy (2022)
(Women)  Italy (2021)  Italy (2022)  Italy (2022)
North America (NORCECA) (Men)  Puerto Rico (2021) N/A  Cuba (2018)  Cuba (2018)
(Women)  Dominican Republic (2021)  United States (2018)  United States (2018)
South America (CSV) (Men)  Brazil (2021)  Brazil (2016)  Brazil (2022)  Argentina (2022)
(Women)  Brazil (2021)  Brazil (2016)  Brazil (2022)  Argentina (2022)

Clubs

FIVB Tournament Men Women
Club World Championship (M) (W) Brazil Sada Cruzeiro (2021) Turkey VakıfBank İstanbul (2021)
African Club Championship (M) (W) Egypt Al Ahly (2022) Tunisia CF de Carthage (2021)
Asian Club Championship (M) (W) Iran Paykan Tehran (2022) Kazakhstan Kuanysh (2022)
European Champions League (M) (W) Poland ZAKSA Kędzierzyn-Koźle (2022) Turkey VakıfBank İstanbul (2022)
South American Club Championship (M) (W) Brazil Sada Cruzeiro (2022) Brazil Minas Tênis Clube (2022)

Beach volleyball

Intercontinental events

Olympic Games World Championship World Tour
Men  Anders Mol
and Christian Sørum (NOR) (2020)
 Anders Mol
and Christian Sørum (NOR) (2022)
 Anders Mol
and Christian Sørum (NOR) (2021)
Women  April Ross
and Alix Klineman (USA) (2020)
 Eduarda Santos Lisboa
and Ana Patrícia Ramos (BRA) (2022)
 Ágatha Bednarczuk
and Eduarda Santos Lisboa (BRA) (2021)

Under-age events

Youth Olympic Games U23 World Championship U21 World Championship U19 World Championship U17 World Championship
Men  David Åhman
and Jonatan Hellvig (SWE) (2018)
 Maciej Kosiak
and Maciej Rudol (POL) (2014)
 David Åhman
and Jonatan Hellvig (SWE) (2021)
 Gustavs Auziņš
and Kristians Fokerots (LAT) (2022)
 Florian Breer
and Yves Haussener (SUI) (2014)
Women  Maria Bocharova
and Maria Voronina (RUS) (2018)
 Mariafe Artacho
and Nicole Laird (AUS) (2014)
 Anhelina Khmil
and Tetiana Lazarenko (UKR) (2021)
 Daria Romaniuk
and Yeva Serdiuk (UKR) (2022)
 Morgan Martin
and Kathryn Plummer (USA) (2014)

Rankings

Men's

The following table has the Top 24 men's volleyball countries in the world.[9] The Top 24 is here due to the next iteration of the 2023 FIVB Volleyball Men's Olympic Qualification Tournaments, the world's major tournament in men's volleyball, anticipating to have 24 countries compete. As such, this table shows the projected teams in the next Men's Olympic world qualification tournaments based on the ranking's algorithm. This list does not consider berths given to countries based on hosting or region status.[10]

Rank Team Region Points Δ Previous finish
1  Poland CEV 389 Increase 1 2nd
2  Italy CEV 369 Increase 5 1st
3  France CEV 368 Increase 3 5th
4  Brazil CSV 361 Decrease 3 4th
5  Russia CEV 352 Decrease 1 DQ
6  United States NORCECA 333 Decrease 3 6th
7  Japan AVC 277 Increase 2 12th
8  Argentina CSV 273 Decrease 3 8th
9  Slovenia CEV 268 Increase 3 4th
10  Iran AVC 267 Decrease 2 13th
11  Serbia CEV 253 Steady 9th
12  Cuba NORCECA 230 Increase 1 14th
13  Netherlands CEV 228 Increase 3 10th
14  Turkey CEV 200 Increase 8 11th
15  Canada NORCECA 189 Decrease 5 17th
16  Ukraine CEV 187 Increase 7 7th
17  Germany CEV 184 Increase 4 15th
18  Mexico NORCECA 175 Increase 18th
19  Tunisia CAVB 172 Decrease 2 16th
20  Egypt CAVB 157 Decrease 2 19th
21  Belgium CEV 153 Decrease 2 DNQ
22  Czech Republic CEV 152 Increase DNQ
23  Bulgaria CEV 152 Decrease 9 20th
24  Finland CEV 152 Increase DNQ

Women's

The following table has the Top 24 women's volleyball countries in the world.[11] The Top 24 is here due to the next iteration of the FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship, the world's major tournament in women's volleyball, anticipating to have 24 countries compete. As such, this table shows the projected teams in the next FIVB Women's WC based on the ranking's algorithm. This list does not consider berths given to countries based on hosting or region status.[12]

Rank Team Region Points Δ Previous finish
1  United States NORCECA 416 Steady 5th
2  China AVC 376 Steady 3rd
3  Brazil CSV 371 Steady 7th
4  Italy CEV 300 Steady 2nd
5  Turkey CEV 285 Steady 10th
6  Serbia CEV 280 Steady 1st
7  Japan AVC 277 Steady 6th
8  Russia CEV 275 Steady 8th
9  Dominican Republic NORCECA 272 Steady 9th
10  South Korea AVC 261 Steady 17th
11  Netherlands CEV 253 Steady 4th
12  Germany CEV 240 Steady 11th
13  Poland CEV 231 Steady DNQ
14  Belgium CEV 207 Steady DNQ
15  Thailand AVC 198 Steady 13th
16  Puerto Rico NORCECA 176 Steady 14th
17  Argentina CSV 174 Steady 19th
18  Canada NORCECA 173 Steady 18th
19  Colombia CSV 168 Steady DNQ
20  Czech Republic CEV 164 Steady DNQ
21  Bulgaria CEV 160 Steady 12th
22  Kazakhstan AVC 157 Steady 24th
23  Greece CEV 142 Steady DNQ
24  Kenya CAVB 141 Steady 20th

Other events

The FIVB is also responsible for the volleyball games at some regional competitions as:

Organization

Map of the Continental Confederations affiliated to the FIVB

World Congress: The supreme authority convened every two years, electing the President and members of the Board.

Board of Administration: Responsible for the overall management of the FIVB, overseeing the work of the national federations, confederations, commissions and councils and appoints officials including members of the Executive Committee.

Executive Committee: Composed of Board members and each member is charged with important and specific responsibilities, assisted by Commissions, Committees and Councils.

  • Legal Commission
  • Finance Commission
  • Communication Commission
  • Rules of the Games and Refereeing Commission
  • Technical and Coaching Commission
  • Medical Commission
  • Development Commission
  • Beach Volleyball Commission
  • Athletes Commission
  • Sports Events Council
  • Beach Volleyball World Tour Council
  • World League Council
  • World Grand Prix Council
  • World Championships Council

Judicial Bodies

  • FIVB Disciplinary Panel
  • FIVB Appeals Panel
  • FIVB Ethics Panel
  • FIVB Tribunal

The FIVB also presides over five continental confederations:

Each continental confederation, by its turn, presides over a number of national federations located in its domain of action.

FIVB Heroes

"FIVB Heroes" is the official image campaign of the FIVB. The campaign aims to raise awareness of the players’ athletic achievements and to increase the worldwide interest in the sport. “FIVB Heroes” features 33 volleyball and 29 beach volleyball players from 19 countries, who were selected due to their outstanding performance.

FIVB presidents

Sponsors

Sponsors of the FIVB

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The second Men's World Championship was held in 1952, and thereafter has been held every four years.

References

  1. ^ "FIVB Constitution (Edition 2014)" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de Volleyball. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  2. ^ a b Perelman, Rich (24 May 2020). "Who's in the money? EXCLUSIVE analysis of our survey of International Federation finances". The Sports Examiner. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  3. ^ "The FIVB". Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  4. ^ "FIVB History". Fédération Internationale de Volleyball. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
  5. ^ "These are the sports that Russia has been suspended from". CNN.
  6. ^ "A glance at reaction of sports to Russian invasion". Associated Press. 3 March 2022.
  7. ^ "News - Good Net Volleyball Sustainability Project launched on Copacabana Beach". www.fivb.com. Retrieved 2019-12-23.
  8. ^ "Coaches manual" (PDF). www.fivb.org. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2012-09-01. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  9. ^ "FIVB Rankings – Men's volleyball". Fédération Internationale de Volleyball. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  10. ^ volleyballworld.com. "The Official FIVB men's Volleyball World Ranking". volleyballworld.com. Retrieved 2022-09-13.
  11. ^ "FIVB Rankings – Women's volleyball". Fédération Internationale de Volleyball. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  12. ^ "Qualification System For FIVB Volleyball World Championships 2022 Revealed". Fédération Internationale de Volleyball. Retrieved 25 May 2021.

External links