Harjavalta

Harjavalta
Town
Harjavallan kaupunki
Harjavalta stad
Town hall of Harjavalta
Town hall of Harjavalta
Coat of arms of Harjavalta
Location of Harjavalta in Finland
Location of Harjavalta in Finland
Coordinates: 61°19′0″N 22°08′1″E / 61.31667°N 22.13361°E / 61.31667; 22.13361Coordinates: 61°19′0″N 22°08′1″E / 61.31667°N 22.13361°E / 61.31667; 22.13361
Country Finland
RegionSatakunta
Sub-regionPori sub-region
Charter1869
Market town1968
Town privileges1977
Government
 • Town managerHannu Kuusela
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total127.74 km2 (49.32 sq mi)
 • Land123.46 km2 (47.67 sq mi)
 • Water4.28 km2 (1.65 sq mi)
 • Rank288th largest in Finland
Elevation
38 m (125 ft)
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total6,785
 • Rank138th largest in Finland
 • Density54.96/km2 (142.3/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.5% (official)
 • Swedish0.3%
 • Others1.3%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1413.6%
 • 15 to 6454.2%
 • 65 or older32.2%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]21.5%
ClimateDfc
Websitewww.harjavalta.fi

Harjavalta (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈhɑrjɑˌʋɑltɑ]) is a town and municipality in Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Satakunta region, 29 kilometres (18 mi) southeast of Pori. The town has a population of 6,785 (31 December 2021)[2] and covers an area of 127.74 square kilometres (49.32 sq mi) of which 4.28 km2 (1.65 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 54.96 inhabitants per square kilometre (142.3/sq mi).

Today people in the town are employed in the copper and nickel smelting industries. Today's most used metal recovery method, the flash smelting method, was developed at Harjavalta and implemented in 1949. Originally part of Outokumpu, a Finnish company, the copper business is now owned by Boliden and the nickel business by Norilsk Nickel.

Hiittenharju is a ridge in Harjavalta, known for its archaeology and cultural history. The banks of the ancient Litorina Sea lies on the fringes of the Hiittenharju ridge. In the Hiittenharju area Bronze Age graves, called barrows, have been discovered, and there is also a historical route called Huovintie running through Hiittenharju. The river Kokemäenjoki river runs through the town.

The neighboring municipalities are Eura, Kokemäki, Nakkila and Ulvila. The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

History

Old church of Harjavalta

Earliest signs of habitation on the area have been dated to 1200 BC. Various different writings of the name in documents of the 15th century at the Turku Cathedral are Harianwalta, Hariawalta, Hariaualdastha, Harianwaltha and Harianwaltaby. The name is supposed to originate from the speculative Proto Germanic name *Harjawaldaz, composed of the speculative words *harjaz ("army") and *waldaz ("authority"). It is believed that either a person named Harjawaldaz or a warrior band settled or lived in the area. The earliest known written occurrence of the name is from Tacitus on the first century, Chariovalda.[6] Different adoptions of the same name are Harald, Hérault and Harold, but Harjavalta is closest to the reconstructed original.

In 1670, the villages of Harjavalta formed their own chapel parish, but the official status of an independent congregation began to be sought about 200 years later. Harjavalta's application for its own pastor was granted in 1868, and the decision was implemented in 1878. The new independent parish had about 1,600 members.[7] The great famine years in the 1860s doubled mortality in Finland, but on the scale of Finland as a whole, Harjavalta did little to avoid this ordeal. The act of 1865 on the municipal government led to the formation of the municipal council and the municipal government also in Harjavalta in 1869. This is considered to be the year of birth of the municipality of Harjavalta.[7] The first store in Harjavalta was founded in a church village in 1874. A second store soon opened in the village of Merstola. The most important sales products were salt, coffee and sugar, but the selections also included fabrics, wheat flour, licorice and tobacco.[8] The first school building was acquired in 1885, when the municipality bought the Kreetala farm, the main building of which became Harjavalta's first folk school.[9]

Politics

Results of the 2019 Finnish parliamentary election in Harjavalta:[10]

Transport

Harjavalta is served by OnniBus.com route Helsinki—Pori.

Town twinning

Harjavalta is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ Tacitus, The Annals 2.11
  7. ^ a b Mauno Jokipii (1978). Harjavallan pitäjän synnystä. Teoksessa Vanhaa Harjavaltaa (in Finnish). Satakunnan nuorisoseuran liitto.
  8. ^ L. I. Kaukamaa (1978). Maatalouspitäjästä teollisuusyhdyskunnaksi. Teoksessa Vanhaa Harjavaltaa (in Finnish). Satakunnan nuorisoseuran liitto.
  9. ^ Aarne Karinen (1978). Piirteitä kunnallisesta historiasta kuntakokousten ajalta. Teoksessa Vanhaa Harjavaltaa (in Finnish). Satakunnan nuorisoseuran liitto.
  10. ^ "Harjavalta parliamentary election results 2019". Finnish Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 22 August 2022.

External links

Media related to Harjavalta at Wikimedia Commons