List of stripped Olympic medals

The following is a list of stripped Olympic medals. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is the governing body of the Olympic Games, and as such, can rule athletes to have violated regulations of the Games, for which athletes' Olympic medals can be stripped (i.e., rescinded). Stripped medals must be returned to the IOC by the offending athlete.

Record

In the case of team events, the rule was revised in March 2003 so that the IOC can strip medals from a team based on infractions by a single team member.[1] In the table below, for stripped team medals, the athlete in violation is shown in parentheses. The international governing body of each Olympic sport can also strip athletes of medals for infractions of the rules of the sport.

From October 1968 to October 2022, a total of 155 medals have been stripped, with 9 medals declared vacant (rather than being reallocated) after being stripped. The vast majority of these have occurred since 2000 due to improved drug testing methods.

The majority of medals have been stripped in athletics (53, including 21 gold medals) and weightlifting (51, including 15 gold medals). The country with the most stripped medals is Russia (and Russian associated teams), with 48, four times the number of the next highest, and more than 30% of the total. The Post-Soviet states account for more than 60% of the overall total.

Though no athletes were caught doping at the 1980 Summer Olympics, it has been claimed that athletes had begun using testosterone and other drugs for which tests had not yet been developed. A 1989 report by a committee of the Australian Senate claimed that "there is hardly a medal winner at the Moscow Games, certainly not a gold medal winner...who is not on one sort of drug or another: usually several kinds. The Moscow Games might well have been called the Chemists' Games".

A member of the IOC Medical Commission, Manfred Donike, privately ran additional tests with a new technique for identifying abnormal levels of testosterone by measuring its ratio to epitestosterone in urine. Twenty percent of the specimens he tested, including those from sixteen gold medalists, would have resulted in disciplinary proceedings had the tests been official. The results of Donike's unofficial tests later convinced the IOC to add his new technique to their testing protocols.[2] The first documented case of "blood doping" occurred at the 1980 Summer Olympics as a runner was transfused with two pints of blood before winning medals in the 5000 m and 10,000 m.[3]

Among particular Olympic Games, the 2008 Summer Olympics has the most stripped medals, at 50. Among Winter Olympics, the 2002 Winter Olympics has the most medals stripped with 13.

All but eight of the stripped medals involve infractions stemming from doping and drug testing:

  • Jim Thorpe was stripped of his two gold medals by the International Olympic Committee in 1913, after the IOC learned that Thorpe had taken expense money for playing baseball before the 1912 Games, violating Olympic amateurism rules that had been in place at the time. In 1982, 29 years after his death, the IOC was convinced that the disqualification had been improper, as no protest against Thorpe's eligibility had been brought within the required 30 days, and reinstated Thorpe's medals, with replicas presented to his children.
  • Marika Kilius and Hans-Jürgen Bäumler were stripped of their 1964 silver medal in figure skating for similar reasons to Thorpe, but had them reinstated in 1987.
  • Ingemar Johansson was disqualified from the gold medal fight in the 1952 heavyweight boxing competition after the referee deemed that he was "failing to show fight" to win the three-round match, and was subsequently deemed to have forfeited the minimum silver medal he would have won. Johansson said that he did not throw any punches at his opponent in the first two rounds to tire him out before releasing a barrage of punches in the third. He was eventually presented with his silver medal in 1982.[4]
  • Ibragim Samadov of the 1992 Unified Team was stripped of his bronze medal after he "hurled his bronze medal to the floor" and "stormed off the stage during the awards ceremony."[5]
  • Ara Abrahamian of Sweden was stripped of his bronze medal in 2008 for similar reasons to Samadov.[6]
  • In 2010, China was stripped of a team gymnastics bronze medal from 2000 after Dong Fangxiao was found to have been underage at the time of the competition.
  • In 2022, the women's ski cross event results were revised nine days after the event and a week after the Games had ended, following an appeal by Fanny Smith, who was penalised for causing contact during the final. She replaced Daniela Maier for bronze upon the FIS appeal panel decision.[7]

Some athletes have had medals taken away from them for different methods of cheating before physically getting on to the medal podium, such as American marathon runner Frederick Lorz at the 1904 Olympics and Swedish horse rider Bertil Sandström at the 1932 Olympics. These athletes are not included in the list as they were disqualified before physically receiving their medals, and in any case were never guaranteed to win them going in to the final round of competition.[8]

Russian wrestler Besik Kudukhov failed a drug test in 2016 from a sample taken when he competed in the 60 kg freestyle wrestling event at the 2012 Olympics. However, as Kudukhov had died in a car accident three years earlier, his medal was retained.

In a few cases, the IOC has reversed earlier rulings that stripped athletes of medals.

In the case of Rick DeMont, the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) recognized his gold medal performance in the 1972 Summer Olympics in 2001,[9] but only the IOC has the power to restore his medal, and it has, as of 2021, refused to do so. DeMont originally won the gold medal in the 400m freestyle, but the International Olympic Committee (IOC) stripped him of his gold medal[10] after his post-race urinalysis tested positive for traces of the banned substance ephedrine contained in his prescription asthma medication, Marax. The positive test also deprived him of a chance at multiple medals, as he was not permitted to swim in any other events at the 1972 Olympics, including the 1,500-meter freestyle for which he was the then-current world record-holder. Before the Olympics, DeMont had properly declared his asthma medications on his medical disclosure forms, but the U.S. Olympic Committee (USOC) had not cleared them with the IOC's medical committee.[11]

List of stripped Olympic medals

  • This is the list of Olympic medals stripped by the IOC, the governing body of the Olympics.
  • (X) medal declared vacant
  • (Y) medal yet to be reallocated or declared vacant
  • (Z) not due to doping; all others were due to doping offenses
Olympics Athlete Country Medal Event Ref
1968 Summer Olympics Modern Pentathlon team (Hans-Gunnar Liljenwall)  Sweden 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Modern pentathlon, Team [12]
1972 Summer Olympics Bakhvain Buyadaa  Mongolia 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Judo, Men's 63 kg (X) [13]
Cycling team (Aad van den Hoek)  Netherlands 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Cycling, Men's team time trial (X) [14]
Jaime Huélamo  Spain 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Cycling, Men's individual road race (X) [14]
Rick DeMont  United States 1st place, gold medalist(s) Swimming, Men's 400 m freestyle [9]
1976 Winter Olympics Galina Kulakova  Soviet Union 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Cross-Country Skiing, Women's 5 km [15]
1976 Summer Olympics Valentin Khristov  Bulgaria 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 110 kg [16]
Blagoy Blagoev 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 82.5 kg [17]
Zbigniew Kaczmarek  Poland 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 67.5 kg [18]
1984 Summer Olympics Martti Vainio  Finland 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Men's 10,000 m [19]
Tomas Johansson  Sweden 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Wrestling, Men's Greco-Roman +100 kg [20]
1988 Summer Olympics Mitko Grablev  Bulgaria 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 56 kg [21]
Angel Guenchev 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 67.5 kg [21]
Ben Johnson  Canada 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Men's 100 m [22]
Andor Szanyi  Hungary 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 100 kg [23]
Kerrith Brown  Great Britain 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Judo, Men's 71 kg [24]
1992 Summer Olympics Ibragim Samadov Olympic flag.svg Unified Team 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 82.5 kg (X, Z) [5]
2000 Summer Olympics Ashot Danielyan  Armenia 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's +105 kg [25]
Izabela Dragneva  Bulgaria 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 48 kg [26]
Ivan Ivanov 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 56 kg [26]
Sevdalin Minchev 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 62 kg [26]
Gymnastics team (Dong Fangxiao)  China 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Gymnastics, Women's artistic team all-around (Z) [27]
Alexander Leipold  Germany 1st place, gold medalist(s) Wrestling, Men's freestyle 76 kg [28]
Andreea Răducan  Romania 1st place, gold medalist(s) Gymnastics, Women's artistic individual all-around [29]
Marion Jones  United States 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 100 m (X) [30]
1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 200 m [30]
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Women's long jump [30]
Relay team (Antonio Pettigrew, Jerome Young) 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Men's 4 × 400 m relay [31]
Lance Armstrong 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Cycling, Men's road time trial (X) [32]
2002 Winter Olympics Alain Baxter  Great Britain 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Alpine Skiing, Men's slalom [33]
Olga Danilova  Russia 1st place, gold medalist(s) Cross-Country Skiing, Women's 5 km + 5 km combined pursuit [34]
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Cross-Country Skiing, Women's 10 km classical [34]
Larisa Lazutina 1st place, gold medalist(s) Cross-Country Skiing, Women's 30 km classical [34][35]
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Cross-Country Skiing, Women's 15 km freestyle mass start [36]
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Cross-Country Skiing, Women's 5 km + 5 km combined pursuit [36]
Johann Mühlegg  Spain 1st place, gold medalist(s) Cross-Country Skiing, Men's 50 km classical [34]
1st place, gold medalist(s) Cross-Country Skiing, Men's 30 km freestyle [37]
1st place, gold medalist(s) Cross-Country Skiing, Men's 10 km + 10 km combined pursuit [37]
2004 Summer Olympics Ivan Tsikhan  Belarus 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Men's hammer throw (X) [38]
Iryna Yatchenko 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Women's discus throw [38]
Equestrian team[nb 1]
(Goldfever horse; Ludger Beerbaum rider)
 Germany 1st place, gold medalist(s) Equestrian, Team show jumping [39]
Leonidas Sabanis  Greece 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 62 kg [40]
Adrián Annus  Hungary 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Men's hammer throw [41]
Róbert Fazekas 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Men's discus throw [42]
Ferenc Gyurkovics 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 105 kg [43]
Waterford Crystal (horse; Cian O'Connor rider)  Ireland 1st place, gold medalist(s) Equestrian, Individual show jumping [44]
Irina Korzhanenko  Russia 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Women's shot put [45]
Svetlana Krivelyova 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Women's shot put (X) [38]
Oleg Perepetchenov 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 77 kg [46]
Yuriy Bilonoh  Ukraine 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Men's shot put [38]
Rowing team (Olena Olefirenko) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Rowing, Women's quadruple sculls [47]
Tyler Hamilton  United States 1st place, gold medalist(s) Cycling, Men's road time trial [48]
2006 Winter Olympics Olga Pyleva  Russia 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Biathlon, Women's individual [49]
2008 Summer Olympics Tigran Gevorg Martirosyan  Armenia 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 69 kg [50]
Vitaliy Rahimov  Azerbaijan 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Wrestling, Men's Greco-Roman 60 kg [51]
Rashid Ramzi  Bahrain 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Men's 1500 m [52]
Aksana Miankova  Belarus 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Women's hammer throw [53]
Natallia Mikhnevich 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Women's shot put [53]
Andrei Rybakou 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 85 kg [55]
Andrei Mikhnevich 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Men's shot put [56]
Nastassia Novikava 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 53 kg [55]
Nadzeya Ostapchuk 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Women's shot put [57]
Liu Chunhong  China 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 69 kg [57]
Cao Lei 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 75 kg [57]
Chen Xiexia 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 48 kg [57]
Yarelys Barrios  Cuba 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Women's discus throw [58]
Hrysopiyi Devetzi  Greece 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Women's triple jump [51]
Davide Rebellin  Italy 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Cycling, Men's road race [59]
Relay team (Nesta Carter)  Jamaica 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Men's 4 × 100 m relay [60]
Ilya Ilyin  Kazakhstan 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 94 kg [53]
Irina Nekrassova 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 63 kg [51]
Taimuraz Tigiyev 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Wrestling, Men's freestyle 96 kg [55]
Mariya Grabovetskaya 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's +75 kg [51]
Asset Mambetov 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Wrestling, Men's Greco-Roman 96 kg [51]
Kim Jong-su  North Korea 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Shooting, Men's 50 m air pistol [61]
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Shooting, Men's 10 m air pistol [61][62]
Equestrian team[nb 2]
(Camiro horse; Tony André Hansen rider)
 Norway 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Equestrian, team show jumping [63]
Relay team (Yuliya Chermoshanskaya)  Russia 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 4 × 100 m relay [64]
Maria Abakumova 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Women's javelin throw [65]
Khasan Baroev 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Wrestling, Men's Greco-Roman 120 kg [51]
Tatyana Lebedeva 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Women's triple jump [60]
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Women's long jump [60]
Relay team (Anastasiya Kapachinskaya, Tatyana Firova) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 4 × 400 m relay [50]
Marina Shainova 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 58 kg [50]
Khadzhimurat Akkaev 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 94 kg [51]
Anna Chicherova 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Women's high jump [68]
Nadezhda Evstyukhina 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 75 kg [50]
Dmitry Lapikov 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 105 kg [51]
Tatyana Chernova 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Women's heptathlon [69]
Relay team (Denis Alexeev) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Men's 4 × 400 m relay [65]
Yekaterina Volkova 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 3000 m steeplechase [55]
Ara Abrahamian  Sweden 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Wrestling, Men's Greco-Roman 84 kg (X, Z) [70]
Elvan Abeylegesse  Turkey 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 5000 metres [71]
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 10000 metres [71]
Sibel Özkan 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 48 kg [72]
Lyudmyla Blonska  Ukraine 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Women's heptathlon [73]
Vasyl Fedoryshyn 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Wrestling, Men's freestyle 60 kg [74]
Olha Korobka 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's +75 kg [55]
Nataliya Davydova 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 69 kg [51]
Victoria Tereshchuk 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Modern pentathlon, Women's modern pentathlon [75]
Denys Yurchenko 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Men's pole vault [51]
Artur Taymazov  Uzbekistan 1st place, gold medalist(s) Wrestling, Men's freestyle 120 kg [74]
Soslan Tigiev 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Wrestling, Men's freestyle 74 kg [55]
2012 Summer Olympics Hripsime Khurshudyan  Armenia 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's +75 kg [76]
Valentin Hristov  Azerbaijan 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 56 kg [77]
Nadzeya Ostapchuk  Belarus 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Women's shot put [78]
Iryna Kulesha 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 75 kg [76]
Maryna Shkermankova 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 69 kg [80]
Davit Modzmanashvili  Georgia 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Wrestling, Men's freestyle 120 kg [81]
Zulfiya Chinshanlo  Kazakhstan 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 53 kg [80]
Ilya Ilyin 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 94 kg [53]
Maiya Maneza 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 63 kg [80]
Svetlana Podobedova 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 75 kg [80]
Jevgenij Shuklin  Lithuania 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Canoeing, Men's C-1 200 m [82]
Anatolie Cîrîcu  Moldova 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 94 kg [76]
Cristina Iovu 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 53 kg [76]
Razvan Martin  Romania 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 69 kg [83]
Roxana Cocoș 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 69 kg [84]
Natalya Antyukh  Russia 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 400 m hurdles [85]
Sergey Kirdyapkin 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Men's 50 km walk [86]
Elena Lashmanova 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 20 km walk [87][88]
Ivan Ukhov 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Men's high jump [89]
Tatyana Lysenko 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Women's hammer throw [90]
Mariya Savinova 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 800 m [91]
Yuliya Zaripova 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 3000 m steeplechase [92][76]
Apti Aukhadov 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 85 kg [93]
Aleksandr Ivanov 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 94 kg [76]
Olga Kaniskina 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 20 km walk [94]
Yevgeniya Kolodko 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Women's shot put [95]
Darya Pishchalnikova 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Women's discus throw [96]
Relay team (Antonina Krivoshapka, Yulia Gushchina, Tatyana Firova, Natalya Antyukh) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 4 × 400 m relay [97][98][99]
Svetlana Tsarukaeva 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 63 kg [74]
Natalya Zabolotnaya 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 75 kg [76]
Tatyana Chernova 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Women's heptathlon [100]
Svetlana Shkolina 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Women's high jump [101]
Asli Cakir Alptekin  Turkey 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 1500 m [102]
Gamze Bulut 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 1500 m [71]
Relay team (Tyson Gay)  United States 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Men's 4 × 100 m relay [103]
Oleksiy Torokhtiy  Ukraine 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 105 kg [104]
Oleksandr Pyatnytsya 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Men's javelin throw [105]
Yuliya Kalina 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Women's 58 kg [106]
Artur Taymazov  Uzbekistan 1st place, gold medalist(s) Wrestling, Men's freestyle 120 kg [107]
Soslan Tigiev 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Wrestling, Men's freestyle 74 kg [108]
2014 Winter Olympics Two-man (Alexandr Zubkov, Alexey Voyevoda)  Russia 1st place, gold medalist(s) Bobsleigh, Two-man [109][110][111]
Four-man (Alexandr Zubkov, Alexey Voyevoda) 1st place, gold medalist(s) Bobsleigh, Four-man
Relay team (Evgeny Ustyugov) 1st place, gold medalist(s) Biathlon, Men's relay [112]
Relay team (Olga Zaitseva) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Biathlon, Women's relay [110]
2016 Summer Olympics Nijat Rahimov  Kazakhstan 1st place, gold medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 77 kg (Y) [113]
Izzat Artykov  Kyrgyzstan 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 69 kg [114]
Serghei Tarnovschi  Moldova 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Canoeing, Men's C-1 1000 m [115]
Gabriel Sîncrăian  Romania 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Weightlifting, Men's 85 kg [116]
Mikhail Aloyan  Russia 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Boxing, Men's flyweight [116]
2018 Winter Olympics Curling team (Aleksandr Krushelnitckii)  Olympic Athletes from Russia 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Curling, Mixed doubles [117]
2020 Summer Olympics Relay team (Chijindu Ujah)  Great Britain 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Men's 4 x 100 m relay [118]
2022 Winter Olympics Daniela Maier[nb 3][119]
 Germany 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Freestyle skiing, Women's ski cross (Z) [7]

Notes:

  1. ^ The German team was not disqualified, but with Beerbaum's score excluded, it dropped from gold medalist to bronze medalist.
  2. ^ The Norwegian team was not disqualified, but with Hansen's score excluded, it dropped from bronze medalist to tenth.
  3. ^ Not disqualified. Fanny Smith (SUI) was penalised for interference during the women's ski cross final that automatically demoted her in the final, and filed an appeal. The FIS announced on 26 February 2022 the close proximity of the incident in question with multiple participants resulted in the penalty being rescinded and demoted to an official warning, with results revised.

List of Olympic medals stripped and later returned

Here is the list of Olympic medals that were stripped by the IOC and later returned by the IOC.

Olympics Athlete Country Medal Event Ref
1912 Summer Olympics Jim Thorpe  United States 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Men's pentathlon [120]
1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Men's decathlon [120]
1952 Summer Olympics Ingemar Johansson  Sweden 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Boxing, Men's heavyweight [121]
1964 Winter Olympics Marika Kilius, Hans-Jürgen Bäumler Germany 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Figure skating, Pairs [122]
1998 Winter Olympics Ross Rebagliati  Canada 1st place, gold medalist(s) Snowboarding, Men's giant slalom [123]
2000 Summer Olympics Relay team (except Marion Jones)  United States 1st place, gold medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 4 × 400 m relay [124]
Relay team (except Marion Jones) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Women's 4 × 100 m relay [124]
2004 Summer Olympics María Luisa Calle  Colombia 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Cycling, Women's points race [125]
2008 Summer Olympics Vadim Devyatovskiy  Belarus 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Athletics, Men's hammer throw [126]
Ivan Tsikhan 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Athletics, Men's hammer throw [126]
2014 Winter Olympics Alexander Legkov  Russia 1st place, gold medalist(s) Cross-Country Skiing, Men's 50 km freestyle [127]
Aleksandr Tretyakov 1st place, gold medalist(s) Skeleton, Men's individual [127]
Relay team (Alexander Legkov, Maxim Vylegzhanin, Alexander Bessmertnykh) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Cross-Country Skiing, Men's 4 x 10 km relay [127]
Maksim Vylegzhanin 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Cross-Country Skiing, Men's 50 km freestyle [127]
Relay team (Maxim Vylegzhanin, Nikita Kryukov) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Cross-Country Skiing, Men's team sprint [127]
Olga Vilukhina 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Biathlon, Women's sprint [128]
Olga Fatkulina 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Speed Skating, Women's 500 m [127]
Albert Demchenko 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Luge, Men's singles [127]
Relay team (Albert Demchenko, Tatiana Ivanova) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Luge, Team relay [127]
Elena Nikitina 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Skeleton, Women's individual [127]
Nicklas Bäckström  Sweden 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Ice hockey, Men's tournament [129]

Stripped, returned, and stripped

Gold medals for the 2000 Olympic men's 4 × 400 metres relay were awarded to the U.S. squad of Jerome Young, Michael Johnson, Antonio Pettigrew, Angelo Taylor, Alvin Harrison and Calvin Harrison. In 2004, after Young (who ran in the heats) was retroactively banned from 1999 to 2001, all six were stripped of their medals.

In 2005, the Court of Arbitration for Sport restored the medals of the remaining five due to the fact that, according to the rules of the time, a team should not be disqualified because of a doping offense of an athlete who did not compete in the finals, but in 2008, Pettigrew admitted to the use of doping from 1997 to 2003, meaning that the team was disqualified.[31]

Medals stripped by country

A total of 37 countries/teams have had medals stripped including the former Soviet Union, the Unified Team of 1992 and the Olympic Athletes from Russia team of 2018. In total, 63% of all medals stripped are from former Soviet states.

Stripped medals by country
Country 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Total
 Russia (RUS) 14 20 11 45
 Ukraine (UKR) 2 4 5 11
 Belarus (BLR) 2 3 6 11
 Kazakhstan (KAZ) 6 2 2 10
 United States (USA) 5 1 2 8
 Bulgaria (BUL) 4 2 1 7
 Turkey (TUR) 1 4 0 5
 China (CHN) 3 0 1 4
 Spain (ESP) 3 0 1 4
 Hungary (HUN) 2 2 0 4
 Uzbekistan (UZB) 2 1 1 4
 Romania (ROM) 1 1 2 4
 Germany (GER) 2 0 1 3
 Great Britain (GBR) 0 1 2 3
 Sweden (SWE) 0 1 2 3
 Armenia (ARM) 0 0 3 3
 Moldova (MDA) 0 0 3 3
 Azerbaijan (AZE) 0 1 1 2
 North Korea (PRK) 0 1 1 2
 Greece (GRE) 0 0 2 2
 Bahrain (BRN) 1 0 0 1
 Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
 Ireland (IRL) 1 0 0 1
 Jamaica (JAM) 1 0 0 1
 Poland (POL) 1 0 0 1
 Cuba (CUB) 0 1 0 1
 Finland (FIN) 0 1 0 1
 Georgia (GEO) 0 1 0 1
 Italy (ITA) 0 1 0 1
 Lithuania (LTU) 0 1 0 1
 Mongolia (MGL) 0 1 0 1
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ) 0 0 1 1
 Netherlands (NED) 0 0 1 1
 Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1
 Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR) 0 0 1 1
 Soviet Union (URS) 0 0 1 1
 Unified Team (EUN) 0 0 1 1
Total 52 50 53 155

Medals stripped by gender

Men have had more medals stripped overall. Men have also had more gold and bronze medals stripped, but women have had more silver medals stripped. However, based on percentages men and women have had medals stripped at similar rates.

Mixed events will be classed in the table below on which gender caused the medal to be stripped. If both genders contribute to the medal being stripped, then it should be added to both tallies. Note that Marion Jones' stripped relay medals are not counted.

Stripped medals by gender
Gender 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Total Percentage
Male 30 24 29 83 53.5%
Female 22 26 24 72 46.5%
Total 52 50 53 155 100%

Medals stripped by sport

A total of 19 different sports have had medals stripped: 13 from the Summer Olympics and 6 from the Winter Olympics. Athletics and Weightlifting have had by far the greatest numbers of medals stripped compared to any other sport.

Stripped medals by sport
Sport 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Total
Athletics 21 19 13 53
Weightlifting 15 14 22 51
Wrestling 3 7 3 13
Cross-Country Skiing 5 3 1 9
Cycling 1 1 3 5
Equestrian 2 0 1 3
Biathlon 1 2 0 3
Bobsleigh 2 0 0 2
Gymnastics 1 0 1 2
Canoeing 0 1 1 2
Judo 0 1 1 2
Shooting 0 1 1 2
Modern Pentathlon 0 0 2 2
Swimming 1 0 0 1
Boxing 0 1 0 1
Alpine Skiing 0 0 1 1
Curling 0 0 1 1
Freestyle Skiing 0 0 1 1
Rowing 0 0 1 1
Total 52 50 53 155

See also

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External links