Los Angeles Common Council
|Succeeded by||Los Angeles City Council, 1889–1909|
|Seats||7 seats (until 1867) |
10 seats (until 1870)
3 wards (until 1877)
5 wards (1878 onwards)
Length of term
|About 1 year|
The Los Angeles Common Council was the predecessor of the Los Angeles, California, City Council. It was formed in 1850 under state law, when the city had only 1,610 residents, and it existed until 1889, when the city had about 50,400 residents and a city charter was put into effect.
From 1850 through 1869, council members were elected at large under a first-past-the-post voting system, in which the top vote-getters were seated. From 1870 they were elected by electoral districts called wards.
The Los Angeles Common Council was created in 1850 as the city of Los Angeles grew from a remote town of 5,000 residents to a city of 15,000 residents. Between its creation in 1850 to 1858, the council had 7 seats and for two years after had 10 seats drawn by lots. From 1870 to 1889, the council had a ward system with three (until 1877) and five (1877 onwards) seats.
The Council had various responsibilities for governing the city, including the responsibility of governing the school system as several members were appointed to serve on a committee for the governance of schools.
In 1857, the officials that were elected on May 6 were deposed and the officials from the previous year were reinstated, though they never took office.
|1870||John Jones||Julian A. Chavez||Bernard Dubourdin||John Jones||Vacant||William Ferguson||George Fall||Matthew Teed||Vacant||Heinrich Dockweiler||William S. Hammel Sr.||John Osborn||Vacant||Vacant||Vacant|
|1871||H.K.S. O'Melveny||Thornton P. Campbell||Oscar Macy||Julian Valdes||Prudent Beaudry||H.K.S. O'Melveny||William H. Dennison||Elijah H. Workman|
|1872||Frank Sabichi||Joseph Mullaly||George R. Long||William H. Workman||Eulogio F. de Celis||William Osborn||Heinrich Dockweiler|
|1873||Julian A. Chavez||Jacob F. Gherkins||Jose Mascarel||Charles E. Huber|
|1874||Prudent Beaudry||Joseph Mullaly||Thornton P. Campbell||Ramon R. Sotelo||Joseph G. Carmona||William Whipple Robinson||Matthew Teed||Louis Lichtenberger||Louis Wolfskill||Thomas Leahy||Elijah H. Workman|
|Thornton P. Campbell|
|1875||Jacob F. Gherkins||Jacob Kuhrts||William H. Workman||D.V. Waldron|
|1876||Frederick A. MacDougall||F. Tamiet||B. Valle||John S. Thompson||Bernard Cohn||Elisha K. Green||John B. Thompson|
|1877||Bernard Cohn||Joseph Mullaly||Cayetano Apalblasa||John Edward Hollenbeck||C. C. Lips||James W. Potts||John S. Thompson||John H. Jones||Albert Fenner Kercheval||Elisha K. Green|
|1878||Samuel J. Beck||Ezra Hamilton||Louis Meinzer||John Schaeffer||Vacant||Richard Molony||Jesse Houston Butler||John Bobenreith||Vacant||Charles Brode||Simon A. Francis||S.H. Buchanan||Vacant||Samuel J. Beck||Samuel Marshall Perry||William H. Workman||Nathan Russell Vail||William B. Lawlor||James Greer McDonald|
|1879||William B. Lawlor||R.L. Beauchet||William Norton Monroe||Jacob Kuhrts||H. Schumacher||Richard Molony||Edward Falles Spence||Elisha K. Green||S.H. Buchanan||O.H. Bliss||John P. Moran|
|1880||Edward Falles Spence||J.G. Bower||Matthew Teed||Jose Mascarel||George Gephard||Vacant||Bernard Cohn||Burdette Chandler||Walter Scott Moore|
|1881||John P. Moran||Joseph Mullaly||Clinton S. Scheiffelin||Andrew S. Ryan||Robert Steere||J.B. O'Neil||George Kerckhoff||Otto G. Weyse|
|1882||Charles W. Schroeder||Pascal Ballade||Henry Hammel||Charles Gassen||Alfred Louis Bush||Joseph W. Wolfskill|
|1883||Walter Scott Moore||Ezra Hamilton||William Thomas Lambie||Frank R. Day||Charles H. Johnson||Loring A. French||D.E. Miles||Frank Sabichi||Daniel Michael McGarry||John B. Niles|
|1884||D.E. Miles||James Velsir||John Frederick Holbrook||Martin V. Biscailuz||Albert Brown||Milton Santee||James D. Bullis||Hiram Sinsabaugh|
|1885||Hiram Sinsabaugh||Thomas Goss||George L. Stearns||Jacob Kuhrts||Levi Newton Breed||Edward Wadsworth Jones||Samuel Marshall Perry||Cyrus Willard||Jacob Frankenfield|
|1886||Levi Newton Breed||William Thomas Lambie||Michael Thomas Collins||Matthew Teed||Charles R. Johnson||Edward Wadsworth Jones||John Lovell||Joseph Hyans||Horace Hiller|
|Edward A. Gibbs|
|1887||John F. Humphreys||James Hanley||Newell Mathews||Thomas J. Cuddy||Edward C. Bosbyshell||John F. Humphreys||Bernard Cohn||Burdette Chandler||Hiram Sinsabaugh||A.W. Barrett|
|John Moriarty||J.H. Book|
|1888||Jacob Kuhrts||George O. Ford||C.N. Earl||Jacob Kuhrts||H.T.D. Wilson||John Henry Bryant||Anthony McNally||Edward R. Threlkeld||Austin Conrad Shafer|
- Spitzzeri, Paul R. Judge Lynch in Session: Popular Justice in Los Angeles, 1850-1875. Vol. 87. University of California Press. p. 83-122.
- Chronological Record of Los Angeles City Officials,1850-1938, 1868-1869 section, page 11
- "Gerrymandering by Number: The Los Angeles City Council". Atlas After Dark.
- Splitter, Henry Winfred. Education in Los Angeles: 1850-1900. Vol. 33. University of California Press. p. 101-118.
- Chronological Record of Los Angeles City Officials,1850-1938, 1867-1868 section, page 1, second iteration
- Except for the population figures (see below), all data is from Chronological Record of Los Angeles City Officials,1850-1938, compiled under direction of Municipal Reference Library, City Hall, Los Angeles (March 1938, reprinted 1966). "Prepared ... as a report on Project No. SA 3123-5703-6077-8121-9900 conducted under the auspices of the Works Progress Administration."
- Population figures are from Moffatt, Riley (1996). Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow. p. 41."Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2009 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. July 1, 2009. Archived from the original (CSV) on June 29, 2010. Retrieved June 28, 2010.