Orimattila

Orimattila
Town
Orimattilan kaupunki
Orimattila stad
Orimattila Church
Orimattila Church
Coat of arms of Orimattila
Location of Orimattila in Finland
Location of Orimattila in Finland
Country Finland
RegionPäijänne Tavastia
Sub-regionLahti sub-region
Charter1636
City rights1992
Government
 • Town managerOsmo Pieski
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total814.01 km2 (314.29 sq mi)
 • Land785.34 km2 (303.22 sq mi)
 • Water28.87 km2 (11.15 sq mi)
 • Rank105th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total15,814
 • Rank70th largest in Finland
 • Density20.14/km2 (52.2/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98% (official)
 • Swedish0.5%
 • Others1.5%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1416.4%
 • 15 to 6458%
 • 65 or older25.6%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]21.25%
ClimateDfc
Websitewww.orimattila.fi

Orimattila (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈoriˌmɑtːilɑ]) is a town in Päijänne Tavastia region, Finland. The southern part of Lahti is connected to the village of Orimattila, which is located in the region of Pennala. There are also several municipalities in the area, such as Iitti, Kärkölä, Lahti, Mäntsälä, and Pukkila.

Orimattila has a population of 15,814 (31 December 2021),[2] and it covers an area of 310.29 square kilometers. Its area of land is 28.87 square kilometers, which is filled with water. The municipality is also unilingually Finnish. Its per-capita population is around 20.14.

The subject of the coat of arms of Orimattila, "a stallion horse carrying a scythe", refers to both the name of the municipality and local agriculture.[6] The name itself comes from a house called Orhimattila, hosted by Henrich Mattzsson Orhimattila, which was already written in a 1573 book of judgment.[7] The coat of arms was designed by Ahti Hammar and approved by the Orimattila Municipal Council at its meeting on September 15, 1956. The Ministry of the Interior approved the use of the coat of arms on December 17 of the same year.[6]

Results of the 2021 Finnish municipal elections, resulted in the True Finns being the largest group on Orimattila council, in Orimattila.[8]

History

The area of Orimattila contains Finland's oldest known settlement.

Orimattila gets its name from a local farm, established by Matti Laurinpoika in 1539. His estate was known as Orih-Mattila. As a village, Orimattila was first mentioned in 1561 as Orihmattila. A chapel community was established in the late 1500s, and it became an independent parish after it was separated from the neighboring parish of Hollola in 1636. The parish and its main settlement were still known as Orihmattila until the 19th century. Orih is an older pronunciation of the word ori meaning "stallion", though the loss of the h in place names was prevented by the element after it, in this case -mattila (cf. Orivesi, also called Orihvesi until the 19th century).[9]

During the Great Northern War, which was caused by the Russian occupation of Finland, the parishes of Orimattila and Hollola were temporarily united. The following year, the bishop of Orimattila was forced to collect taxes from the neighboring parish of Hollola, which was then taken over by the bishop of Stockholm.[citation needed]

Many immigrants from the Kirvu region were settled in Orimattila as a result of the Continuation War. Orimattila became a town in 1992. In 2009, the municipality decided not to participate in the merger negotiations between the municipalities of Artjärvi and Orimattila, and on March 22, 2010, the two municipalities merged.[10]

Population trends

The following diagram shows the city's population development over the past five years. The region where the city is located is used according to the situation on January 1, 2017.

Orimattilas population trends
Year Residents
1980
15,184
1985
15,246
1990
15,805
1995
15,909
2000
15,629
2005
16,154
2010
16,309
2015
16,326
2020
16,005

Famous people

Culture

Athletes

Other famous people

Twin towns — Sister cities

Orimattila is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ a b Suomen kunnallisvaakunat (in Finnish). Suomen Kunnallisliitto. 1982. p. 152. ISBN 951-773-085-3.; "Sisäasiainministeriön vahvistamat kaupunkien, kauppaloiden ja kuntien vaakunat I:11 Orimattila" (in Finnish). Kansallisarkiston digitaaliarkisto. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
  7. ^ Orimattila: Historia (in Finnish)
  8. ^ "Finns Party gains, NCP top as turnout dips in Finnish local elections".
  9. ^ "SuomalainenPaikannimikirja_e-kirja_kuvallinen.pdf" (PDF). kaino.kotus.fi (in Finnish). p. 306. Retrieved August 25, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "Artjärvi ja Orimattila yhteen 2011". Yle (in Finnish). 22 March 2010. Retrieved 7 August 2022.
  11. ^ "International cooperation". Valka. Retrieved 4 May 2014.

External links

Media related to Orimattila at Wikimedia Commons