Pacov

Pacov
Church of Saint Wenceslaus (left) and Church of Saint Michael the Archangel (right)
Church of Saint Wenceslaus (left) and Church of Saint Michael the Archangel (right)
Flag of Pacov
Coat of arms of Pacov
Pacov is located in Czech Republic
Pacov
Pacov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°28′15″N 15°0′6″E / 49.47083°N 15.00167°E / 49.47083; 15.00167Coordinates: 49°28′15″N 15°0′6″E / 49.47083°N 15.00167°E / 49.47083; 15.00167
Country Czech Republic
RegionVysočina
DistrictPelhřimov
First mentioned1316
Government
 • MayorTomáš Kocour
Area
 • Total35.86 km2 (13.85 sq mi)
Elevation
615 m (2,018 ft)
Population
 (2022-01-01)[1]
 • Total4,604
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
395 01
Websitewww.mestopacov.cz

Pacov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈpatsof]; German: Patzau) is a town in Pelhřimov District in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 4,600 inhabitants. The historic town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.

Administrative parts

Svobody Square with the former town hall

Villages of Bedřichov, Jetřichovec, Roučkovice, Velká Rovná and Zhoř are administrative parts of Pacov.

Geography

Pacov is located about 16 kilometres (10 mi) west of Pelhřimov. It lies directly on the 15th meridian east. The town lies in the Křemešník Highlands. The area is rich on small ponds.

History

The first written mention of Pacov is from 1316. The settlement was probably founded in the late 13th century.[2]

Pacov flourished in the 15th and 16th centuries. During this period, it obtained the town rights. The development ended with the Battle of White Mountain and Thirty Years' War. The second period of prosperity occurred in the 19th century. The foundations were laid for the current industry: food machinery industry and leather accessories manufacture. In 1888, the railway was built, which helped further expansion.[2]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18694,229—    
18804,147−1.9%
18904,095−1.3%
19004,114+0.5%
19104,264+3.6%
YearPop.±%
19214,076−4.4%
19303,787−7.1%
19503,663−3.3%
19614,026+9.9%
19704,577+13.7%
YearPop.±%
19805,180+13.2%
19915,201+0.4%
20015,232+0.6%
20114,972−5.0%
20214,581−7.9%
Source: Censuses[3][4]

Sport

Since 1906, there is a historical motorcycle racecourse in Pacov. The first international race in Austria-Hungary (and the third world-wide) took place here. The Pacov Circuit is still being used to this day.[5]

Sights

Château courtyard

Pacov has preserved historic centre with several valuable houses, including the former town hall from 1921–1923.[2]

Pacov Château was originally a Gothic castle from the 12th century, rebuilt into a château in the 16th century. In 1718, it was rebuilt into a monastery. After the monastery was abolished by the reform of Joseph II in 1787, it was rebuilt to a château again. Today it houses the municipal office, tourist information centre, library and Antonín Sova Town Museum. The château complex includes a castle park with three ponds.[2]

The deanery Church of Saint Michael the Archangel is a Gothic church from the late 14th century. Despite several reconstructions and repairs, its appearance has been roughly preserved. The Church of Saint Wenceslaus is a Baroque building from 1719, originally built as the monastery church. After it was damaged by fire in 1727, it was reconstructed in 1732. Nowadays it serves as a gallery.[2]

The Jewish community is reminded by the Jewish cemetery and former synagogue. The cemetery was founded in 1680 and the oldest tombs are from the 18th century. The synagogue building is privately owned and closed to the public.[2]

Notable people

Twin towns – sister cities

Pacov is twinned with:[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Pacov Area". Město Pacov. p. 2. Retrieved 2021-10-22.
  3. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Pelhřimov" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 13–14.
  4. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
  5. ^ "Motorcycle Racing in Pacov". Město Pacov. Retrieved 2021-10-22.
  6. ^ "Home Page (Partnerská obec)" (in Czech). Město Pacov. Retrieved 2021-10-21.

External links