Wipperfürth

Wipperfürth
Protestant church
Protestant church
Flag of Wipperfürth
Coat of arms of Wipperfürth
Location of Wipperfürth within Oberbergischer Kreis district
Rhein-Sieg-KreisOberbergischer KreisRheinisch-Bergischer KreisNorth Rhine-WestphaliaRemscheidWuppertalEnnepe-Ruhr-KreisMärkischer KreisOlpe (district)Siegen-WittgensteinRhineland-PalatinateWaldbrölMorsbachNümbrechtWiehlReichshofGummersbachMarienheideBergneustadtEngelskirchenLindlarHückeswagenWipperfürthRadevormwaldWipperfürth in GM.svg
About this image
Wipperfürth is located in Germany
Wipperfürth
Wipperfürth
Wipperfürth is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Wipperfürth
Wipperfürth
Coordinates: 51°7′N 7°24′E / 51.117°N 7.400°E / 51.117; 7.400Coordinates: 51°7′N 7°24′E / 51.117°N 7.400°E / 51.117; 7.400
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionKöln
DistrictOberbergischer Kreis
Subdivisions8
Government
 • Mayor (2020–25) Anne Michaela Loth[1]
Area
 • Total118.16 km2 (45.62 sq mi)
Elevation
280 m (920 ft)
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total20,879
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
51688
Dialling codes02267
Vehicle registrationGM
Websitewww.wipperfuerth.de
Map of the city
Town hall

Wipperfürth (German pronunciation: [ˈvɪpɐˈfʏʁt] (listen)) is a municipality in the Oberbergischer Kreis of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, about 40 km north-east of Cologne, and the oldest town in the Bergischen Land.

History

The eldest documentary mention dates from 1131. In the Siegburger Mirakelbuch the place is already designated Oppidum(=town). Manner of writing of the first naming: "Weperevorthe". Wipperfürth received town rights between 1217 and 1222. Since 1283 the administration of the town was governed by count Adolf V. von Berg. Already in 1275 king Rudolf von Habsburg allowed the count to move his mint from Wildberg to Wipperfürth. Here, Pfennige were stamped according to Cologne model. In 1328, with the privilege of king Louis the Bavarian the first coinage of Groschen in Germany began in Wipperfürth. Since the 14th century the town was a member of the Hanse. Businesspeople of the town traveled to Stockholm, Dorpat, Malmö, Novgorod, Reval and Lübeck. The town coat of arms of 1267 shows a church in merlons-reinforced wall. Leftovers of this town wall can still be found on the Klosterberg. The oldest building are located at the market, together with the market well. The development of the town was hindered by numerous town fires: 1333, 1352, 1368, 1383, 1404, 1412 and 1465. From 1815–1932 Wipperfürth was capital town of the district with the same name.

Geography

Geographical position

Wipperfürth lies on the flow Wupper which is designated in the upper reaches to the east of the town Wipper.

Neighbouring municipalities

The neighbouring municipalities and neighbouring towns are: Lindlar, Kürten, Wermelskirchen, Hückeswagen, Radevormwald, Halver, Kierspe and Marienheide.

Districts

Localities

A Abstoß – Abshof – Agathaberg – Ahe – Ahlhausen – Alfen – Altensturmberg – Arnsberg
B Ballsiefen – Baumhof – Beinghausen – Bengelshagen – Benninghausen – Berge – Bergesbirken – Berghäuschen – Berghausen – Berghof – Berrenberg – Biesenbach – Birkenbaum – Birkerhof – Bochen – Böswipper – Boxberg – Boxbüchen – Bruch – Bühlstahl – Büschel
D Dahl – Dellweg – Dhünn – Dievesherweg – Dörpinghausen – Dörrenbach – Dohrgaul – Drecke – Dreine
E Egen – Egerpohl – Eichholz – Elbertzhägen – Engsfeld – Ente – Erlen
F Fähnrichstütten – Fahlenbock – Finkelnburg – Fliegeneichen – Forste – Freihäuschen – Friedrichsthal – Frösseln – Fürden
G Gardeweg – Gardeweger Mühle – Gerhardsfeld – Graben – Grennebach – Großblumberg – Großfastenrath – Großhöhfeld – Großscherkenbach – Grünenbaum – Grünenberg – Grüttenhausen – Grund – Grunewald – Grüterich
H Hackenberg – Hämmern – Hammer – Hahnenberg – Hamböcken – Hambüchen – Halkenberg – Harhausen – Hardenbicke – Hasenburg – Hashbrowns – Haufe – Heid – Heidtkotten – Hermesberg – Herweg – Herzhof – Hilgerbrücke – Hintermühle – Hinterschöneberg – Hinterwurth – Hönnige – Hof – Hohenbüchen – Hohl – Hollinden – Hollmünde – Hülsen – Hütten – Hungenberg
I Ibach – Im Hagen – Isenburg
J Jägerhof – Jörgensmühle – Jostberg – Julsiefen
K Kahlenberg – Kahlscheuer – Kaplansherweg – Kerspe – Kirchenbüchel – Klaswipper – Kleineichhölzchen – Kleinfastenrath – Kleinscherkenrath – Klemenseichen – Kleppersfeld – Klespe – Klitzhaufe – Kluse – Kofeln – Kohlgrube – Kotten – Kremershof – Kreuzberg – Kupferberg – Küppersherweg
L Lamsfuß – Langensiefen – Laudenberg – Leiersmühle – Lendringhausen – Lesenbüchen – Leuchtenbirken – Levenhausen – Lieth
M Meddenbick – Mesewinkel – Mittelschneppen- Mittelschwarzen – Mosse – Müllensiepen
N Nagelsbüchel – Nagelsgaul – Neeskotten – Neuenhaus – Neuensturmberg – Neumühle – Neye – Neye-Siedlung – Niederbenningrath – Niederdhünn – Niederengsfeld – Niederflossbach – Niedergaul – Niederholl – Niederkemmerich – Niederklüppelberg – Niederröttenscheid – Niederscheveling – Niederwipper
O Oberbenningrath – Oberdierdorf – Oberflossbach – Obergaul – Oberholl – Oberholl – Oberkemmerich – Oberlüttgenau – Obermausbach – Obernien – Oberröttenscheid – Oberscheveling – Oberschneppen- Oberschwarzen – Ohl – Ommer – Ommerborn
P Pannenhöh – Peffekoven – Peddenpohl – Peppinghausen – Platzweg – Poshof
R Raffelsiefen – Ritterlöh – Ritzenhaufe – Roppersthal
S Sanderhöhe – Sausage – Schäfershöh – Schleise – Schmalenfeld – Schneppen – Schniffelshöh – Schnipperingen – Schnipperinger Mühle – Schollenbach – Schwelmer Siepen – Schwickertzhausen – Sommerberg – Sonnenschein – Speckenbach – Stillinghausen – Stüttern
T Their – Teufelswiese
U Überberg – Unterdierdorn – Unterholl – Unterlüttgenau – Untermausbach – Unternien – Unterschneppen – Unterschwarzen – Unterstenhof – Unterthier
V Vordermühle – Vorderschöneberg – Vorderwurth – Vossebrechen
W Warth – Wasserfuhr – Wegerhof – Weier – Wiegen – Wingenbach – Wipperfeld – Wipperhof – Wüstemünte – Wüstenhof

The coat of arms of Wipperfürth

The arms were granted on 9 December 1975 but were in use a long time before. Wipperfürth received city rights between 1217 and 1222. The oldest seal dates from around 1250 and already shows a city wall, church and a small shield with the arms of the Counts of Berg, who ruled over the city. In the 14th century the small shield was removed. The present arms are based and nearly identical to the composition of the first seal. The city wall denotes the civic character of Wippenfürth, the church is the local St. Nicholas church.

Politics

Party Seats Sources
Christian Democratic Union 17 [3]
Social Democratic Party 8
UWG 5
Green Party 3
Free Democratic Party 3

Culture and places of interest

Dams

  • Kierspe dam
  • Neye dam
  • Schevelinger dam
  • Bever dam

Buildings

  • Altes Seminar ("Old seminar") in the Lüdenscheider Straße.
  • the former Franziskanerkloster (a cloister)

Churches

By far the oldest church in Wipperfürth is the Catholic parish church St.-Nikolaus placed in the downtown of Wipperfürth. Not far away, the Protestant church was built next to the marked-place in 1875. The so-called Antoniuskirche ("Antonius-church", a minister) was built on the Klosterberg ("cloister hill").

Spare time and sport

The town disposes of various sports field, stadium with field, indoor swimming pool with 25 meters of roads incl. sauna and sunbathing area, airfield, tennis courts, squash, riding spaces and play bowls.

Sport clubs

  • Airfield – Wipperfürth-Neye EDKN
  • DLRG Wipperfürth
  • 1.Wipperfürther Rock´n Roll Club
  • BKV Oberberg
  • Boxing club Wipperfürth
  • BSG Wipperfürth
  • Canoe friends Wipperfürth e. V.
  • Aerial sport association Wipperfürth
  • Motor sport club Wipperfürth in AAA road service e. V.
  • Cycling club Wipperfürth
  • Riding association Wipperfürth
  • Chess club Wipperfürth
  • Sports fisherman association Wipperfürth
  • Sports club Wipperfürth
  • Stadtsportverband Wipperfürth
  • Dance corps
  • Dance school Böhlefeld
  • Diving sport community Wipperfürth
  • TC Silber-Blau Wipperfürth
  • TV Wipperfürth
  • VfR Wipperfürth
  • VSG Wipperfürth e. V.
  • WTC Wipperfürth

Economy

During the industrial revolution several companies originated in the area of the textile industry. The most important industry company is the electric light bulb factory founded in 1904 Radium.

Radium also is even today together with the armature factory VOSS the biggest employer in Wipperfürth. Here particularly the electric-working industry, plastic-working industry, metal working industry and paper-working industry is resident.

Transport

Federal highways

Wipperfürth lies in the intersection of the federal highways B 237 (Remscheid- Meinerzhagen) and B 506 (Cologne – Wipperfürth). The B 256 unidirectional Gummersbach in the place Ohl for the B 237.

Bus routes

(VRS: Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Sieg, VRL: Verkehrsgemeinschaft Ruhr-Lippe), OVAG: Oberbergische Verkehrsgesellschaft AG, MVG: Märkische Verkehrsgesellschaft GmbH, KWS: Kraftverkehr Wupper-Sieg AG)

Public facilities

Health

Hospitals: St. Josef hospital Wipperfürth (258 beds)

Education

The municipality has two high schools, Engelbert von Berg – Gymnasium (high school), and Archbishop of St. Angela Gymnasium (high school), a secondary modern school, a Konrad Adenauersecondary school, a work pedagogic school (occupational lecture), eight elementary schools and two special schools.

Notable people

  • Johann Christian Josef Abs (1781–1823), teacher
  • Johann Joseph Bauerband (1800–1878), lawyer, university professor, politician
  • Franz Rudolf Bornewasser (1866–1951), bishop from Trier since 1922
  • Franz Crass (1928–2012) Operatic bass singer
  • Manuela Goller (born 1971), Football goalkeeper
  • Thorsten Hens, professor, Department of Banking and Finance, University of Zurich
  • Hans Leo Kausemann, former mayor and former District Administrator and honorary citizen
  • Barbara Kisseler, civilized nation secretary in Berlin
  • Udo Lattek (1935–2015), Retired football coach
  • Stephan Ley (1867–1964), Beethoven scholar
  • Ernst Lotz (1887–1948), the first minister of education and culture from Rhineland-Palatinate
  • Konrad Martin (1812–1879), bishop of Paderborn
  • Joseph Mausbach (1861–1931), Morality theologian, Sozialethiker, parliamentarian
  • Frank Mock, Retired Football Coach
  • Alois Pollender (1800–1879), discoverer anthrax bazillus (1855)
  • Fritz Vollbach, composer and musician
  • Hermann Voss, Former mayor and honorary citizen
  • Sebastian Wurth (born 1994), Deutschland sucht den Superstar season 8 participant

Twin town

Further sources of information

Literature (German)

  • Joseph John, Geschichte der Stadt Wipperfürth, Gummersbach 1842;
  • Conrad Schmitz, Geschichte der Stadt Wipperfürth, Wipperfürth 1910;
  • Paul Engel, Wipperfürth im Wandel der Zeiten, Wipperfürth 1949;
  • Peter Opladen, Das Dekanat Wipperfürth, Siegburg 1955;
  • Anneliese Triller/Jörg Füchtner, Das Abschriftenbuch der Stadt Wipperfürth, Essen 1969;
  • Frank Berger/Fred Antweiler, Wipperfürth gestern und heute, Remscheid 1984
  • Fred Antweiler/Frank Berger, Wipperfürth und seine Kirchdörfer, Bergisch Gladbach 1986.

References

  1. ^ Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 29 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 20 June 2022.
  3. ^ "Stadtrat" (in German). City of Wipperfürth. Retrieved 26 April 2011.

External links