Ye Olde Fighting Cocks

Ye Olde Fighting Cocks
Ye Olde Fighting Cocks (2).JPG
Ye Olde Fighting Cocks – the view along the River Ver (2006)
Ye Olde Fighting Cocks is located in Hertfordshire
Ye Olde Fighting Cocks
Location within Hertfordshire
Former namesThe Round House, Three Pigeons
General information
Address16 Abbey Mill Lane, St Albans, Hertfordshire AL3 4HE
Coordinates51°44′56″N 0°20′50″W / 51.7489°N 0.3471°W / 51.7489; -0.3471Coordinates: 51°44′56″N 0°20′50″W / 51.7489°N 0.3471°W / 51.7489; -0.3471
Listed Building – Grade II
Official nameThe Fighting Cocks Public House
Designated1950
Reference no.1347100

Ye Olde Fighting Cocks is a public house in St Albans, Hertfordshire, England. It is one of several pubs that lay claim to being the oldest in England, claiming to have been in business since 793 AD.[1][2] The pub was once recognized as the oldest in England by the Guinness World Records, but this title was wrested in 2000.[2] The building is described by Historic England as being of 16th-century appearance, but as the earliest date for which it can be proved to have been licensed is 1756, and even that date is not certain, its claim to this record is somewhat uncertain.[3] Others such as the Ye Olde Man & Scythe in Bolton, Greater Manchester, and Ye Olde Trip to Jerusalem in Nottingham may have better claims. Even in St Albans, the White Hart and the Fleur de Lys (currently called 'The Snug') are believed to have been trading as inns in the late medieval period.[4]

Location

The pub is at the end of Abbey Mill Lane beside the River Ver, just outside the perimeter of Verulamium Park, not far from St Albans Cathedral in Hertfordshire.

Architecture

The main structure is free-standing and has an octagonal appearance, attributable to its original use as a pigeon house. It has been added to over the years but the original timber-framed structure is clearly visible. It was originally close to St Albans Cathedral (when it was St Albans Abbey) and was moved to the present site sometime after the dissolution of the Abbey in 1539. Its foundations are claimed to be even older, dating from around 793 but again this is dubious. It is claimed that there are tunnels running between the cathedral and the pub's beer cellars which were once used by monks.[5]

As with many old buildings, the ceilings are quite low. An original bread-oven is next to one of the fireplaces. It has a large beer garden with different seating arrangements, as well as seats out the front.

History

Ye Olde Fighting Cocks – the view from the car park (2003)

The main structure of the building was built in the 11th century and was originally used as a pigeon house.[2]

The building, in its current location, was originally known as The Round House[6] but there is no record of it being licensed as a public house under that name. The first known reference to it being an alehouse is in 1756 when it appears to be trading as The Three Pigeons. Around 1800 its name changed to the Fighting Cocks, perhaps in reference to the sport of cock fighting which was popular at the time and which may have taken place in the main bar area. The prefix "Ye olde..." is a late Victorian affectation. It is known by locals as 'The Fighters' or 'The Cocks'.[7]

In 1950 the building was listed.[8]

In 2015 PETA wrote to the pub's landlord and its owners, Mitchells & Butlers, requesting that they change the name due to its cockfighting association. The request was declined.[9]

In February 2022, the pub went into administration,[10] though the owner was hopeful that a buyer would be found for the business.[11]

In popular culture

The Cocks was featured in an exterior scene in "The Sins of the Fathers", a 1990 episode of the ITV series Inspector Morse. The setting was the beer garden along the River Ver, with the pub's large sign plainly visible in the background. It also features in the third series of Ricky Gervais' sitcom After Life.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ "Oldest Inn in Britain". Fat Badger's Guide to Quality Inns in Britain. Archived from the original on 27 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Guy, Jack (7 February 2022). "After more than 1,000 years, this English pub is closing its doors". CNN. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
  3. ^ Mein, Jonathan. "The Real History of the Fighting Cocks". Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  4. ^ Kitton, FG. "The Old Inns of St Albans". Transactions of St Albans Architectural & Archaeological Society: 240 & 252. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  5. ^ "About". Ye Olde Fighting Cocks. Archived from the original on 4 November 2008.
  6. ^ Page, William (1896). "The Marian Survey of S. Albans" (PDF). Transactions of St Albans Architectural & Archaeological Society. 1893/94: 21. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  7. ^ Kitton, F.G. "The Old Inns of St Albans" (PDF). Transactions of St Albans & Hertfordshire Architectural & Archaeological Society. 1899/1900: 260. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  8. ^ Historic England (8 May 1950). "The Fighting Cocks public house (Grade II) (1347100)". National Heritage List for England.
  9. ^ Adams, Matt (19 May 2015). "Animal rights group calls fowl over name of historic St Albans pub". Herts Advertiser. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
  10. ^ McRae, Isabella (5 February 2022). "The 'oldest pub in Britain' Ye Olde Fighting Cocks says a heartbreaking goodbye after 13 centuries". HertsLive. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  11. ^ Ambrose, Tom (14 February 2022). "Another pint? Hopes raised for historic St Albans pub closed by pandemic". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 February 2022.

External links