3000 metres steeplechase

Athletics
3000 metres steeplechase
Sgt. Hillary Bor runs 3,000-meter steeplechase at Rio Olympic Games photos by Tim Hipps, U.S. Army IMCOM Public Affairs (28945469872).jpg
3000 m steeplechase at Rio 2016
World records
MenQatar Saif Saaeed Shaheen 7:53.63 (2004)
WomenKenya Beatrice Chepkoech 8:44.32 (2018)
Olympic records
MenKenya Conseslus Kipruto 8:03.28 (2016)
WomenRussia Gulnara Galkina 8:58.81 (2008)
World Championship records
MenKenya Ezekiel Kemboi 8:00.43 (2009)
WomenKazakhstan Norah Jeruto 8:53.02 (2022)

The 3000 metres steeplechase or 3000-meter steeplechase (usually abbreviated as 3000m SC) is the most common distance for the steeplechase in track and field. It is an obstacle race over the distance of the 3000 metres, which derives its name from the horse racing steeplechase.

Rules

It is one of the track events in the Olympic Games and the World Athletics Championships; it is also an event recognized by World Athletics.[1] The obstacles for the men are 36 inches (91.4 cm) high, and for the women 30 inches (76.2 cm).

The water jump consists of a barrier followed by a pit of water with a landing area defined as follows: The pit is 3.66 m (12 feet) square. The pit's forward-direction measurement starts from the approach edge of the barrier and ends at the point where the water jump slope reaches the flat surface of the steeple pathway. Rulebook language simply but clearly says "The water jump, including the hurdle, shall be 3.66 m in length." Pits have an upward slope; the water is deeper near the barrier and is within 2 cm of ground level at the departure end. That slope begins approximately 30 cm (12 in) forward of the barrier at which point the water is 70 cm (28 in) deep.

The length of the race is usually 3,000 metres (9,843 ft); junior and some masters events are 2,000 metres (6,562 ft), as women's events used to be. The circuit has four ordinary barriers and one water jump. During the course of the race, each runner must clear a total of 28 ordinary barriers and seven water jumps. This entails seven complete laps after starting with a fraction of a lap run without barriers. The water jump is located on the back turn, either inside the inner lane or outside the outer lane. If it is on the outside, then each of the seven laps is longer than the standard 400 m, and the starting point is on the home straight. If the water jump is on the inside, each lap is shorter than 400 m, the starting point is on the back straight, so the water jump and barrier in the home straight are bypassed in the first half lap at the start.

The dimension of an obstacle

Unlike those used in hurdling, steeplechase barriers do not fall over if hit, and the rules allow an athlete to negotiate the barrier by any means, so many runners step on top of them. Four barriers are spaced around the track on level ground, and a fifth barrier at the top of the second turn (fourth barrier in a complete lap from the finish line) is the water jump. The slope of the water jump rewards runners with more jumping ability, because a longer jump results in a shallower landing in the water.

All-time top 25

Men

  • Correct as of June 2022.[2]
Ath.# Perf.# Time Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 1 7:53.63 Saif Saaeed Shaheen1  Qatar 03 SEP 2004 Brussels
2 2 7:53.64 Brimin Kipruto  Kenya 22 JUL 2011 Monaco [3]
3 3 7:54.31 Paul Kipsiele Koech  Kenya 31 MAY 2012 Rome
4 4 7:55.28 Brahim Boulami  Morocco 24 AUG 2001 Brussels
5 7:55.51 Shaheen #2 26 AUG 2005 Brussels
5 6 7:55.72 Bernard Barmasai  Kenya 24 AUG 1997 Cologne
6 7 7:55.76 Ezekiel Kemboi  Kenya 22 JUL 2011 Monaco
7 8 7:56.16 Moses Kiptanui  Kenya 24 AUG 1997 Cologne
9 7:56.32 Shaheen #3 03 JUL 2006 Athens
10 7:56.34 Shaheen #4 08 JUL 2005 Rome
11 7:56.37 Koech #2 08 JUL 2005 Rome
12 7:56.54 Shaheen #5 18 AUG 2006 Zürich
13 7:56.58 Koech #3 11 MAY 2012 Doha
8 14 7:56.81 Richard Mateelong  Kenya 11 MAY 2012 Doha
15 7:56.94 Shaheen #6 19 SEP 2004 Monaco
16 7:57.28 Shaheen #7 14 JUN 2005 Athens
9 17 7:57.29 Reuben Kosgei  Kenya 24 AUG 2001 Brussels
18 7:57.32 Koech #4 22 JUL 2011 Monaco
19 7:57.38 Shaheen #8 14 SEP 2003 Monaco
20 7:57.42 Koech #5 14 SEP 2003 Monaco
21 7:58.09 Boulami #2 19 JUL 2002 Monaco
22 7:58.10 Shaheen #9 19 JUL 2002 Monaco
10 23 7:58.15 Soufiane El Bakkali  Morocco 20 JUL 2018 Monaco [4]
24 7:58.28 El Bakkali #2 05 JUN 2022 Rabat
11 25 7:58.41 Jairus Birech  Kenya 05 SEP 2014 Brussels [5]
12 7:58.68 Lamecha Girma  Ethiopia 31 MAY 2022 Ostrava [6]
13 7:59.08 Wilson Boit Kipketer  Kenya 13 AUG 1997 Zürich
14 8:00.09 Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad  France 06 JUL 2013 Saint-Denis [7]
15 8:00.12 Conseslus Kipruto  Kenya 05 JUN 2016 Birmingham [8]
16 8:00.45 Evan Jager  United States 04 JUL 2015 Saint-Denis [9]
17 8:01.18 Bouabdellah Tahri  France 18 AUG 2009 Berlin [10]
18 8:01.67 Abel Mutai  Kenya 31 MAY 2012 Rome
19 8:01.69 Kipkirui Misoi  Kenya 24 AUG 2001 Brussels
20 8:03.41 Patrick Sang  Kenya 24 AUG 1997 Cologne
21 8:03.57 Ali Ezzine  Morocco 23 JUN 2000 Saint-Denis
Hillary Yego  Kenya 18 MAY 2013 Shanghai
23 8:03.74 Raymond Yator  Kenya 18 AUG 2000 Monaco
24 8:03.81 Benjamin Kiplagat  Uganda 07 JUL 2010 Lausanne [11]
25 8:03.89 John Kosgei  Kenya 16 AUG 1997 Monaco

Notes

1 Until 2002 he was known as Stephen Cherono, and represented Kenya.

Annulled marks

The following athletes had their performance (inside 7:55.00) annulled due to doping offences:

Women

  • Correct as of August 2022.[12]
Ath.# Perf.# Time Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 1 8:44.32 Beatrice Chepkoech  Kenya 20 JUL 2018 Monaco [13]
2 2 8:52.78 Ruth Jebet  Bahrain 27 AUG 2016 Saint-Denis [14]
3 3 8:53.02 Norah Jeruto  Kazakhstan 20 JUL 2022 Eugene [15]
4 8:53.65 Jeruto #2 21 AUG 2021 Eugene
4 5 8:54.61 Werkuha Getachew  Ethiopia 20 JUL 2022 Eugene [16]
6 8:55.10 Chepkoech #2 31 AUG 2018 Brussels
7 8:55.29 Jebet #2 24 AUG 2017 Zürich
8 8:55.58 Chepkoech #3 30 JUN 2019 Stanford
5 9 8:56.08 Mekides Abebe  Ethiopia 20 JUL 2022 Eugene [17]
6 10 8:56.55 Winfred Yavi  Bahrain 18 JUN 2022 Paris [18]
7 11 8:57.77 Courtney Frerichs  United States 21 AUG 2021 Eugene [19]
12 8:57.84 Chepkoech #4 30 SEP 2019 Doha [20]
13 8:57.97 Jeruto #3 28 MAY 2022 Eugene
14 8:58.71 Yavi #2 28 MAY 2022 Eugene
8 15 8:58.78 Celliphine Chespol  Kenya 26 MAY 2017 Eugene [21]
9 16 8:58.81 Gulnara Galkina  Russia 17 AUG 2008 Beijing [22]
17 8:59.36 Chepkoech #5 30 JUN 2018 Paris
18 8:59.62 Jeruto #4 31 AUG 2018 Brussels
19 8:59.75 Jebet #3 15 AUG 2016 Rio de Janeiro
20 8:59.84 Chepkoech #6 24 AUG 2017 Zürich
21 8:59.97 Jebet #4 28 MAY 2016 Eugene [23]
10 22 9:00.01 Hyvin Kiyeng  Kenya 28 MAY 2016 Eugene [23]
23 9:00.05 Kiyeng #2 21 AUG 2021 Eugene [19]
24 9:00.12 Kiyeng #3 05 MAY 2017 Doha
25 9:00.67 Jeruto #5 28 MAY 2021 Doha [24]
11 9:01.45 Peruth Chemutai  Uganda 04 AUG 2021 Tokyo [25]
12 9:02.35 Emma Coburn  United States 30 SEP 2019 Doha [20]
13 9:02.43 Jackline Chepkoech  Kenya 02 SEP 2022 Brussels [26]
14 9:03.30 Gesa-Felicitas Krause  Germany 30 SEP 2019 Doha [20]
15 9:05.36 Habiba Ghribi  Tunisia 11 SEP 2015 Brussels [27]
16 9:06.14 Faith Cherotich  Kenya 08 SEP 2022 Zürich [28]
17 9:06.37 Zerfe Wondemagegn  Ethiopia 08 SEP 2022 Zürich [29]
18 9:06.57 Yekaterina Volkova  Russia 27 AUG 2007 Osaka
19 9:06.66 Daisy Jepkemei  Kenya 29 AUG 2019 Zürich [30]
20 9:07.06 Sofia Assefa  Ethiopia 11 JUN 2017 Hengelo [31]
21 9:07.14 Milcah Chemos Cheywa  Kenya 07 JUN 2012 Oslo [32]
22 9:07.41 Eunice Jepkorir  Kenya 17 AUG 2008 Beijing
23 9:07.87 Elizabeth Bird  Great Britain 10 AUG 2022 Monaco [33]
24 9:08.23 Roseline Chepngetich  Kenya 20 JUL 2018 Monaco [13]
25 9:08.39 Yuliya Zaripova  Russia 17 AUG 2009 Berlin

Annulled marks

The following athletes had their performances (inside 9:08.00) annulled due to doping offences:

Olympic medalists

Men

The water jump in the men's steeplechase at the 1908 Summer Olympics
Games Gold Silver Bronze
1920 Antwerp
details
Percy Hodge
 Great Britain
Patrick Flynn
 United States
Ernesto Ambrosini
 Italy
1924 Paris
details
Ville Ritola
 Finland
Elias Katz
 Finland
Paul Bontemps
 France
1928 Amsterdam
details
Toivo Loukola
 Finland
Paavo Nurmi
 Finland
Ove Andersen
 Finland
1932 Los Angeles
details
Volmari Iso-Hollo
 Finland
Thomas Evenson
 Great Britain
Joe McCluskey
 United States
1936 Berlin
details
Volmari Iso-Hollo
 Finland
Kalle Tuominen
 Finland
Alfred Dompert
 Germany
1948 London
details
Tore Sjöstrand
 Sweden
Erik Elmsäter
 Sweden
Göte Hagström
 Sweden
1952 Helsinki
details
Horace Ashenfelter
 United States
Vladimir Kazantsev
 Soviet Union
John Disley
 Great Britain
1956 Melbourne
details
Chris Brasher
 Great Britain
Sándor Rozsnyói
 Hungary
Ernst Larsen
 Norway
1960 Rome
details
Zdzisław Krzyszkowiak
 Poland
Nikolay Sokolov
 Soviet Union
Semyon Rzhishchin
 Soviet Union
1964 Tokyo
details
Gaston Roelants
 Belgium
Maurice Herriott
 Great Britain
Ivan Belyayev
 Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Amos Biwott
 Kenya
Benjamin Kogo
 Kenya
George Young
 United States
1972 Munich
details
Kipchoge Keino
 Kenya
Ben Jipcho
 Kenya
Tapio Kantanen
 Finland
1976 Montreal
details
Anders Gärderud
 Sweden
Bronisław Malinowski
 Poland
Frank Baumgartl
 East Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Bronisław Malinowski
 Poland
Filbert Bayi
 Tanzania
Eshetu Tura
 Ethiopia
1984 Los Angeles
details
Julius Korir
 Kenya
Joseph Mahmoud
 France
Brian Diemer
 United States
1988 Seoul
details
Julius Kariuki
 Kenya
Peter Koech
 Kenya
Mark Rowland
 Great Britain
1992 Barcelona
details
Matthew Birir
 Kenya
Patrick Sang
 Kenya
William Mutwol
 Kenya
1996 Atlanta
details
Joseph Keter
 Kenya
Moses Kiptanui
 Kenya
Alessandro Lambruschini
 Italy
2000 Sydney
details
Reuben Kosgei
 Kenya
Wilson Boit Kipketer
 Kenya
Ali Ezzine
 Morocco
2004 Athens
details
Ezekiel Kemboi
 Kenya
Brimin Kipruto
 Kenya
Paul Kipsiele Koech
 Kenya
2008 Beijing
details
Brimin Kipruto
 Kenya
Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad
 France
Richard Mateelong
 Kenya
2012 London
details
Ezekiel Kemboi
 Kenya
Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad
 France
Abel Mutai
 Kenya
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Conseslus Kipruto
 Kenya
Evan Jager
 United States
Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad
 France
2020 Tokyo
details
Soufiane El Bakkali
 Morocco
Lamecha Girma
 Ethiopia
Benjamin Kigen
 Kenya

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
2008 Beijing[nb]
details
Gulnara Samitova-Galkina
 Russia
Eunice Jepkorir
 Kenya
Tatyana Petrova
 Russia
2012 London[nb2]
details
Habiba Ghribi
 Tunisia
Sofia Assefa
 Ethiopia
Milcah Chemos Cheywa
 Kenya
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Ruth Jebet
 Bahrain
Hyvin Jepkemoi
 Kenya
Emma Coburn
 United States
2020 Tokyo
details
Peruth Chemutai
 Uganda
Courtney Frerichs
 United States
Hyvin Jepkemoi
 Kenya
  • nb Yekaterina Volkova of Russia was originally the 2008 women's steeplechase bronze medalist, but she was subsequently disqualified for doping and her teammate Arkhipova was allocated the medal.[35]
  • nb2 Yuliya Zaripova of Russia was originally the 2012 women's steeplechase champion, but she was subsequently disqualified for doping. Ghribi, Sofia Assefa and Chemos were all elevated one place as a result.[36]

World Championships medalists

Men

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Patriz Ilg (FRG)  Bogusław Mamiński (POL)  Colin Reitz (GBR)
1987 Rome
details
 Francesco Panetta (ITA)  Hagen Melzer (GDR)  William Van Dijck (BEL)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Moses Kiptanui (KEN)  Patrick Sang (KEN)  Azzedine Brahmi (ALG)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Moses Kiptanui (KEN)  Patrick Sang (KEN)  Alessandro Lambruschini (ITA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Moses Kiptanui (KEN)  Christopher Kosgei (KEN)  Saad Al-Asmari (KSA)
1997 Athens
details
 Wilson Boit Kipketer (KEN)  Moses Kiptanui (KEN)  Bernard Barmasai (KEN)
1999 Seville
details
 Christopher Kosgei (KEN)  Wilson Boit Kipketer (KEN)  Ali Ezzine (MAR)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Reuben Kosgei (KEN)  Ali Ezzine (MAR)  Bernard Barmasai (KEN)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Saif Saaeed Shaheen (QAT)  Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN)  Eliseo Martín (ESP)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Saif Saaeed Shaheen (QAT)  Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN)  Brimin Kipruto (KEN)
2007 Osaka
details
 Brimin Kipruto (KEN)  Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN)  Richard Mateelong (KEN)
2009 Berlin
details
 Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN)  Richard Mateelong (KEN)  Bouabdellah Tahri (FRA)
2011 Daegu
details
 Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN)  Brimin Kipruto (KEN)  Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad (FRA)
2013 Moscow
details
 Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN)  Conseslus Kipruto (KEN)  Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad (FRA)
2015 Beijing
details
 Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN)  Conseslus Kipruto (KEN)  Brimin Kipruto (KEN)
2017 London
details
 Conseslus Kipruto (KEN)  Soufiane El Bakkali (MAR)  Evan Jager (USA)
2019 Doha
details
 Conseslus Kipruto (KEN)  Lamecha Girma (ETH)  Soufiane El Bakkali (MAR)
2022 Eugene
details
 Soufiane El Bakkali (MAR)  Lamecha Girma (ETH)  Conseslus Kipruto (KEN)

Medal table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Kenya (KEN)1312631
2 Qatar (QAT)2002
3 Morocco (MAR)1225
4 Italy (ITA)1012
5 Germany (GER)1001
6 Ethiopia (ETH)0202
7 East Germany (GDR)0101
 Poland (POL)0101
9 France (FRA)0033
10 Algeria (ALG)0011
 Belgium (BEL)0011
 Great Britain (GBR)0011
 Saudi Arabia (KSA)0011
 Spain (ESP)0011
 United States (USA)0011
Totals (15 entries)18181854

Women

Women's race at the 2007 World Championships
Championships Gold Silver Bronze
2005 Helsinki
details
 Dorcus Inzikuru (UGA)  Yekaterina Volkova (RUS)  Jeruto Kiptum (KEN)
2007 Osaka
details
 Yekaterina Volkova (RUS)  Tatyana Petrova (RUS)  Eunice Jepkorir (KEN)
2009 Berlin
details
Vacant [37][38]  Yuliya Zarudneva (RUS)  Milcah Chemos Cheywa (KEN)
2011 Daegu
details
 Habiba Ghribi (TUN)  Milcah Chemos Cheywa (KEN)  Mercy Wanjiku (KEN)
2013 Moscow
details
 Milcah Chemos Cheywa (KEN)  Lydiah Chepkurui (KEN)  Sofia Assefa (ETH)
2015 Beijing
details
 Hyvin Jepkemoi (KEN)  Habiba Ghribi (TUN)  Gesa Felicitas Krause (GER)
2017 London
details
 Emma Coburn (USA)  Courtney Frerichs (USA)  Hyvin Jepkemoi (KEN)
2019 Doha
details
 Beatrice Chepkoech (KEN)  Emma Coburn (USA)  Gesa Felicitas Krause (GER)
2022 Eugene
details
 Norah Jeruto (KAZ)  Werkuha Getachew (ETH)  Mekides Abebe (ETH)

Season's bests

National records

References

  1. ^ "3000 metres steeplechase". International Association of Athletics Federations. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b "All-time men's best 3000m steeplechase". IAAF. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  3. ^ David Martin (22 July 2011). "With near World record run, Kipruto steals the show in Monaco - Samsung Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
  4. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  5. ^ "3000 Metres Steeplechase Result | Memorial Van Damme". www.worldathletics.org.
  6. ^ Jess Whittington (31 May 2022). "Bol and Girma break barriers in Ostrava". World Athletics. Retrieved 31 May 2022.
  7. ^ "3000 Metres Steeplechase Results" (PDF). Diamond League. Omega Timing. 6 July 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  8. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 5 June 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-21. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  9. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). static.sportresult.com. 4 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  10. ^ "3000 Metres Steeplechase Results" (PDF). IAAF. 18 August 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-08-24. Retrieved 18 August 2009.
  11. ^ "3000 Metres Steeplechase Results". www.diamondleague-lausanne.com. 8 July 2010. Archived from the original on 10 July 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
  12. ^ a b "All-time women's best 3000m steeplechase". IAAF. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  13. ^ a b "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  14. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 27 August 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 October 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  15. ^ "Women's 3000m Steeplechase Final Results" (PDF). World Athletics. 20 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  16. ^ "Women's 3000m Steeplechase Final Results" (PDF). World Athletics. 20 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  17. ^ "Women's 3000m Steeplechase Final Results" (PDF). World Athletics. 20 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  18. ^ Mike Rowbottom (19 June 2022). "Pocket Rocket Fraser-Pryce into orbit again in Paris as she equals 100m world lead". World Athletics. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
  19. ^ a b "Prefontaine Classic 2021 Complete Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 21 August 2021. Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  20. ^ a b c "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). IAAF. 30 September 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  21. ^ Cathal Dennehy (27 May 2017). "Chespol stuns with world U20 record in Eugene – IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  22. ^ "World record obliterates memories of Osaka for Galkina-Samitova | NEWS | World Athletics". www.worldathletics.org.
  23. ^ a b "Prefontaine Classic 2016 Results". tilastopaja.org. 28 May 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  24. ^ Jess Whittington (28 May 2021). "World leads and meeting records as season heats up in Doha". diamondleague.com. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  25. ^ "Women's 3000m Steeplechase Final Results" (PDF). olympics.com. 4 August 2021. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 August 2021. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  26. ^ Jon Mulkeen (2 September 2022). "Krop, Mahuchikh and Winger bounce back in Brussels with world-leading marks". World Athletics. Retrieved 14 September 2022.
  27. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 11 September 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
  28. ^ Jess Whittington; Jon Mulkeen (8 September 2022). "Amusan and Lyles break meeting records en route to Diamond League wins in Zurich". World Athletics. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  29. ^ Jess Whittington; Jon Mulkeen (8 September 2022). "Amusan and Lyles break meeting records en route to Diamond League wins in Zurich". World Athletics. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  30. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 29 August 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  31. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results". IAAF. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  32. ^ "3000 Metres Steeplechase Results". IAAF. 7 June 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
  33. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 10 August 2022. Retrieved 23 August 2022.
  34. ^ Bob Ramsak (17 August 2012). "Zaripova world lead the best of new Olympic champions in Stockholm - REPORT - Samsung Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
  35. ^ IOC sanctions nine athletes for failing anti-doping test at Beijing 2008. IOC (2016-10-26). Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  36. ^ "The decisions of the Lausanne (Switzerland) Court of Arbitration for Sport regarding the Russian medalists". rusada.ru. 24 March 2016. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017.
  37. ^ World champion steeplechaser Marta Dominguez banned for doping
  38. ^ Spanish runner Marta Dominguez banned 3 years by CAS

External links