Chinese Taipei at the Olympics

Chinese Taipei at the
Olympics
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg
IOC codeTPE
NOCChinese Taipei Olympic Committee
Websitewww.tpenoc.net (in Chinese and English)
Medals
Ranked 64th
Gold
7
Silver
11
Bronze
18
Total
36
Summer appearances
Winter appearances
Other related appearances
 Republic of China (1924–1948)

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), competes as "Chinese Taipei" (TPE) at the Olympic Games since 1984. Athletes compete under the Chinese Taipei Olympic flag instead of the flag of the Republic of China; for any medal ceremony, the National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China is played instead of the National Anthem of the Republic of China.

Taiwanese athletes won their first Olympic medal in 1960, and their first gold medal in 2004, and their highest total medal count in 2020 games.

Participation

Timeline of participation

Date Team
1932–1936 China as part of  Japan
1948 China
1952 People's Republic of China
1956 Republic of China
1960 Formosa (RCF)
1964–1968 Taiwan (TWN)
1972–1976 Republic of China (ROC)
1980  China (CHN)
1984–  Chinese Taipei (TPE)

Medals

List of medalists

Medal Players/Players in the team Games Sport Event
 Silver Yang Chuan-kwang Italy 1960 Rome Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's decathlon
 Bronze Chi Cheng Mexico 1968 Mexico City Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Women's 80 metre hurdles
 Bronze Tsai Wen-yee United States 1984 Los Angeles Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Men's 60 kg
 Silver Chang Cheng-hsien
Chang Wen-chung
Chang Yaw-teing
Chen Chi-hsin
Chen Wei-chen
Chiang Tai-chuan
Huang Chung-yi
Huang Wen-po
Jong Yeu-jeng
Ku Kuo-chian
Kuo Lee Chien-fu
Liao Ming-hsiung
Lin Chao-huang
Lin Kun-han
Lo Chen-jung
Lo Kuo-chong
Pai Kun-hong
Tsai Ming-hung
Wang Kuang-shih
Wu Shih-hsih
Spain 1992 Barcelona Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball Men's competition
 Silver Chen Jing United States 1996 Atlanta Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis Women's singles
 Silver Li Feng-ying Australia 2000 Sydney Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
 Bronze Chen Jing Australia 2000 Sydney Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis Women's singles
 Bronze Chi Shu-ju Australia 2000 Sydney Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Women's 49 kg
 Bronze Huang Chih-hsiung Australia 2000 Sydney Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Men's 58 kg
 Bronze Kuo Yi-hang Australia 2000 Sydney Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 75 kg
 Gold Chen Shih-hsin Greece 2004 Athens Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Women's flyweight
 Gold Chu Mu-yen Greece 2004 Athens Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Men's flyweight
 Silver Chen Szu-yuan
Liu Ming-huang
Wang Cheng-pang
Greece 2004 Athens Archery pictogram.svg Archery Men's team
 Silver Huang Chih-hsiung Greece 2004 Athens Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Men's lightweight
 Bronze Chen Li-ju
Wu Hui-ju
Yuan Shu-chi
Greece 2004 Athens Archery pictogram.svg Archery Women's team
 Gold Chen Wei-ling China 2008 Beijing Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 48 kg
 Silver Lu Ying-chi China 2008 Beijing Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 63 kg
 Bronze Chu Mu-yen China 2008 Beijing Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Men's 58 kg
 Bronze Sung Yu-chi China 2008 Beijing Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Men's 68 kg
 Gold Hsu Shu-ching United Kingdom 2012 London Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
 Bronze Tseng Li-cheng United Kingdom 2012 London Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Women's 57 kg
 Gold Hsu Shu-ching Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
 Bronze Lei Chien-ying
Lin Shih-chia
Tan Ya-ting
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Archery pictogram.svg Archery Women's team
 Bronze Kuo Hsing-chun Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 58 kg
 Gold Kuo Hsing-chun Japan 2020 Tokyo Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 59 kg
 Gold Lee Yang
Wang Chi-lin
Japan 2020 Tokyo Olympic pictogram Badminton.png Badminton Men's doubles
 Silver Yang Yung-wei Japan 2020 Tokyo Judo pictogram.svg Judo Men's 60 kg
 Silver Deng Yu-cheng
Tang Chih-chun
Wei Chun-heng
Japan 2020 Tokyo Archery pictogram.svg Archery Men's team
 Silver Lee Chih-kai
Japan 2020 Tokyo Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics Men's pommel horse
 Silver Tai Tzu-ying Japan 2020 Tokyo Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton Women's singles
 Bronze Lo Chia-ling Japan 2020 Tokyo Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Women's 57 kg
 Bronze Lin Yun-ju
Cheng I-ching
Japan 2020 Tokyo Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis Mixed doubles
 Bronze Chen Wen-huei Japan 2020 Tokyo Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 64 kg
 Bronze Pan Cheng-tsung Japan 2020 Tokyo Golf pictogram.svg Golf Men's individual
 Bronze Huang Hsiao-wen Japan 2020 Tokyo Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Women's flyweight
 Bronze Wen Tzu-yun Japan 2020 Tokyo Karate pictogram.svg Karate Women's 55 kg

Timeline concerning Olympic recognition

The following timeline concerns the different names and principal events concerning recognition of the Republic of China (ROC) Olympic team:

  • 1922 – The China National Amateur Athletic Federation is recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as the National Olympic Committee in China.[3]
  • 1932 – ROC competes in the Olympics for the first time as China.[4]
  • 1949 – The China National Amateur Athletic Federation moves to Taiwan.[5]
  • 1952 – ROC team withdraws from the Helsinki Olympics[6] because the IOC permits the People's Republic of China (PRC) to particiate.[5]
  • 1954 – IOC adopts a resolution officially recognising the PRC's Chinese Olympic Committee.[7][8]
  • 1956 – ROC represents at Melbourne Games as the Republic of China. PRC withdraws from the Games in protest because two Chinese Olympic Committees are in the list of IOC members.[7][8]
  • 1958 – PRC withdraws from Olympic movement and all federations governing Olympic sports. Professor Dong Shouyi, an IOC member for the PRC resigns.[7][9]
  • 1959 – IOC informs the ROC that they do not control sport on Mainland China, rules determine the ROC will no longer be recognised under the "Chinese Olympic Committee" title. All applications under a different name would be considered.[9]
  • 1960 – ROC committee is renamed the "Olympic Committee of the Republic of China", and so recognised.[7]
  • 1963 – IOC recognizes the name "Taiwan", and the NOC is allowed to use the initials "ROC" on sports outfits.[7]
  • 1968 – IOC agrees to renaming the Taiwan team as the Republic of China after the 1968 Games and to its participation under that banner.[7]
  • 1976 – ROC is not permitted to participate in the Montreal Summer Games, as long as it insists on the name of Republic of China, because the host country, Canada, recognises the PRC as the sole legitimate government of China.[10][11]
  • 1979 – IOC recognises the Chinese Olympic Committee as the official representative of China.[9] The IOC decision is followed by a postal ballot among 89 members.[12] Under the IOC decision, the ROC's Olympics committee would renamed as "Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee" and is not allowed to use the ROC's national anthem or flag.
  • 1980 – ROC boycotts the Lake Placid Winter Games and the Moscow Summer Games due to the decision to use the name Chinese Taipei in international sporting events.[13]
  • 1981 – An agreement is signed in Lausanne by Juan Antonio Samaranch, the president of the IOC, and Shen Chia-ming, the president of the Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee (CTOC).[14] The agreement specifies the name, flag and emblem of the CTOC.
  • 1984 – Chinese Taipei competes for the first time under the new moniker at the Sarajevo Winter Games.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Zhang Hsing-Hsien". olympedia.org. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  2. ^ "Chen Yinglang". olympedia.org. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  3. ^ "奧會簡介" [Introduction to the Olympic Committee]. Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee (in Chinese). Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  4. ^ "X Olympiad Los Angeles 1932 Official Report" (PDF). LA84 Foundation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 July 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  5. ^ a b Chan, Gerald (Autumn 1985). "The "Two-Chinas" Problem and the Olympic Formula". Pacific Affairs. 58 (3): 473–490. doi:10.2307/2759241. JSTOR 2759241. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  6. ^ Werner Soderstrom Osakeyhtio, "The Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad Helsinki 1952" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2008. (30.6 MB) p. 32, Sulo Kolkka (ed.), Alex Matson (trans.), The Organising Committee for the XV Olympiad Helsinki 1952, 1952
  7. ^ a b c d e f The Times, "The Latest Threat to the Olympics - And its all over a name", 10 July 1976
  8. ^ a b "10th–15th Olympic Summer Games: 1936–1952". Chinese Olympics Committee. 30 March 2004.
  9. ^ a b c Brownell, Susan (March 2005). "Globalization is not a Dinner Party: He Zhenliang and China's 30-Year Struggle for Recognition by the International Olympic Committee". Globalization and Sport in Historical Context. University of California, San Diego: LA84 Foundation.
  10. ^ Pound, Richard W. (2012). "Side-Swiped: the IOC and the China Issue at the 1976 Montreal Olympic Games" (PDF). Journal of Olympic History. 20 (1): 11–32. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  11. ^ Pound, Richard W. (2012). "Side-Swiped: the IOC and the China Issue at the 1976 Montreal Olympic Games Part 2" (PDF). Journal of Olympic History. 20 (2): 34–51. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  12. ^ "China and the Five Rings". Olympic Review. 145: 626. November 1979. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  13. ^ Eaton, Joseph (November 2016). "Reconsidering the 1980 Moscow Olympic Boycott: American Sports Diplomacy in East Asian Perspective". Diplomatic History. 40 (5): 845–864. doi:10.1093/dh/dhw026. JSTOR 26376807. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  14. ^ "1981 Agreement with IOC" (PDF). Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee. 23 March 1981. Retrieved 9 July 2022.

External links