1954 – IOC adopts a resolution officially recognising the PRC's Chinese Olympic Committee.
1956 – ROC represents at Melbourne Games as the Republic of China. PRC withdraws from the Games in protest because two Chinese Olympic Committees are in the list of IOC members.
1958 – PRC withdraws from Olympic movement and all federations governing Olympic sports. Professor Dong Shouyi, an IOC member for the PRC resigns.
1959 – IOC informs the ROC that they do not control sport on Mainland China, rules determine the ROC will no longer be recognised under the "Chinese Olympic Committee" title. All applications under a different name would be considered.
1960 – ROC committee is renamed the "Olympic Committee of the Republic of China", and so recognised.
1963 – IOC recognizes the name "Taiwan", and the NOC is allowed to use the initials "ROC" on sports outfits.
1968 – IOC agrees to renaming the Taiwan team as the Republic of China after the 1968 Games and to its participation under that banner.
1976 – ROC is not permitted to participate in the Montreal Summer Games, as long as it insists on the name of Republic of China, because the host country, Canada, recognises the PRC as the sole legitimate government of China.
1979 – IOC recognises the Chinese Olympic Committee as the official representative of China. The IOC decision is followed by a postal ballot among 89 members. Under the IOC decision, the ROC's Olympics committee would renamed as "Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee" and is not allowed to use the ROC's national anthem or flag.
1980 – ROC boycotts the Lake Placid Winter Games and the Moscow Summer Games due to the decision to use the name Chinese Taipei in international sporting events.
1981 – An agreement is signed in Lausanne by Juan Antonio Samaranch, the president of the IOC, and Shen Chia-ming, the president of the Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee (CTOC). The agreement specifies the name, flag and emblem of the CTOC.
1984 – Chinese Taipei competes for the first time under the new moniker at the Sarajevo Winter Games.