|Population||573 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||East of England|
Brickendon is a village in the civil parish of Brickendon Liberty in the district of East Hertfordshire about 3 miles (4.8 km) south of the county town Hertford, and is served by Bayford railway station.
Centred on a traditional village green and a village pub, The Farmer's Boy, there is an active community with several clubs and activities. The parish (rather than just the village) has won several awards in the Hertfordshire Village of the Year contest in recent years.
The name is said to have come from a Saxon by the name of Bricca who laid claim to the hill site, the Saxon word 'don' meaning a hill; thus Bricca's Hill. In the Domesday Book the name appears as Brichendone. The manor of Brickendon was held by the canons and later the monks of Waltham Abbey (abbey), Essex, from about 1060 until the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Henry II created the liberty of Brickendon in about 1174/84 which granted the abbot freedom from certain taxes normally due to the crown.
The chapel, dedicated to the Holy Cross and St Alban, was built in 1932 on land and with funds donated by Constance Demain Saunders and her mother Minnie Kingsley. It is part of the ecclesiastical parish of Bayford within the Hartford Hundred West group of parishes.
Brickendon Grange was built by Benjamin Cherry in 1859 and is now a golf club designed by CK Cotton. Fanshaws mansion, built in 1885 by Henry Wilson Demain Saunders, is now the headquarters of the Institute of the Motor Industry. The second series of Catweazle was filmed around Brickendon in 1970.
The former manor house at Brickendonbury was used as a spy training centre during World War II as Station XVII of the Special Operations Executive (SOE) and is now home to the Tun Abdul Razak Research Centre of the Malaysian Rubber Board.
The name of the modern civil parish is "Brickendon Liberty", referencing the area's former status as a parish liberty. The liberty of Brickendon was deemed to be part of the parish of All Saints, Hertford, but appointed its own overseers of the poor. Brickendon was included in the Hertford Poor Law Union from 1835 with its own representative on the Board of Guardians. As such, Brickendon was deemed to be a separate civil parish from 10 August 1866 under the Poor Law Amendment Act 1866. The civil parish of Brickendon at that time stretched from Brickendon village in the south right up into the town of Hertford in the north, with Castle Street, West Street and All Saints' Church all being within the civil parish of Brickendon, which was partly inside and partly outside the borough of Hertford. In 1891 the parish had a population of 1007.
Under the Local Government Act 1894, parishes which straddled borough boundaries were split into separate parishes inside and outside the borough. On 4 December 1894 the parish of Brickendon was therefore abolished and split to form two parishes called "Brickendon Rural" and "Brickendon Urban". Brickendon Rural was included in the Hertford Rural District. Brickendon Urban had no parish council; it was governed directly by Hertford Borough Council. On 30 September 1900 Brickendon Urban and all the other civil parishes within the borough were abolished to become a single parish called Hertford.
On 1 April 1929 the civil parish of Brickendon Liberty was created when Brickendon Rural merged with the neighbouring parish of St John Rural, which had been a sparsely populated rural parish created in 1894 from the parts of the old parish of St John, Hertford which lay outside the borough. On 1 April 1935 parts of Broxbourne, Hoddesdon Rural and Wormley were transferred to Brickendon Liberty when these parishes were abolished. On 1 April 1939 part of Brickendon Liberty was transferred to Little Amwell.
Brickendon Liberty remained in Hertford Rural District until that district was abolished in 1974 to become part of East Hertfordshire.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- Higginbotham, Peter. "Hertford Workhouse". The Workhouse. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
- "Relationships and changes Brickendon Parish Liberty / Civil Parish". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
- Page, William (1912). A History of the County of Hertford, Volume 3. London: Victoria County History. pp. 409–414. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
- "Population statistics Brickendon ParLib/CP through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
- Annual Report of the Local Government Board. 1901. p. 344. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
The County of Hertford (Hertford) Confirmation Order, 1900, effective 30 September 1900
- "Hertford Registration District". UKBMD. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
- Registrar General (1929). Quarterly Return. London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. p. 27. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
Ministry of Health Order No. 72,680. The Hertfordshire (Brickendon Liberty) Confirmation Order, 1928, effective 1 April 1929
- "Relationships and changes Brickendon Liberty CP through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 17 December 2021.