United States at the Winter Olympics
|United States at the|
|NOC||United States Olympic & Paralympic Committee|
|Other related appearances|
|1906 Intercalated Games|
The United States of America has sent athletes to every celebration of the Winter Olympic Games. The United States Olympic & Paralympic Committee (USOPC) is the National Olympic Committee for the United States.
The United States has hosted the Winter Games on four occasions, more than any other nation:
|1932 Winter Olympics||Lake Placid, New York||February 7–15||17||252||14|
|1960 Winter Olympics||Squaw Valley, California||February 2–20||30||665||27|
|1980 Winter Olympics||Lake Placid, New York||February 13–24||37||1,072||38|
|2002 Winter Olympics||Salt Lake City, Utah||February 8–24||77||2,399||78|
- Red border color indicates host nation status.
Medals by Winter Games
|Games||Athletes||Gold||Silver||Bronze||Total||Gold medals||Total medals|
|1928 St. Moritz||24||2||2||2||6||2||2|
|1932 Lake Placid||64||6||4||2||12||1||1|
|1948 St. Moritz||69||3||4||2||9||4||4|
|1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo||67||2||3||2||7||6||5|
|1960 Squaw Valley||79||3||4||3||10||3||2|
|1980 Lake Placid||101||6||4||2||12||3||3|
|2002 Salt Lake City||202||10||13||11||34||3||2|
|2026 Milan–Cortina||Future event|
Medals by winter sport
|Short track speed skating||4||7||9||20|
|Totals (14 entries)||113||123||96||332|
Updated on December 31, 2021
The United States has never won an Olympic medal in the following current winter sport: Biathlon.
Medals by winter sport
|1928 St Moritz||did not participate|
|1932 Lake Placid||0||1||0||1|
|1948 St Moritz||participated unofficially|
|1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo||0||1||0||1|
|1960 Squaw Valley||1||0||0||1|
|1980 Lake Placid||1||0||0||1|
|2002 Salt Lake City||0||2||0||2|
Russia–United States rivalry
Russia (in all its incarnations) and the United States have won more Olympic medals than any other nation. Russia topped the overall medal count at 7 Summer Olympics and 9 Winter Olympics, while the United States placed first at 17 Summer Olympics and 1 Winter Olympics. The countries developed a strong rivalry during the Cold War, and while the tensions eased in the 1990s, the relations deteriorated in 2014 and 2016, and the rivalry became even more heated.
Since the 1952 Summer Olympics, Russia has won 1902 Summer and Winter Olympics medals, the most in that period, while the United States has won 1873 medals, the second most in that period. Detailed comparison is presented below.
The 1980 hockey game between the U.S. and USSR was dubbed the "Miracle on Ice", when American college players defeated the heavily favored seasoned professionals from the Soviet Union on the way to a gold medal at the Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York. The Soviet Union had won the gold medal in five of the six previous Winter Olympic Games, and were the favorites to win once more. Though ice hockey is not a major sport in most areas of the United States, the "Miracle" is often listed as one of the all-time greatest American sporting achievements. The U.S. also won the gold medal in the 1960 Games at Squaw Valley, California, defeating the Soviet Union, Canada, Czechoslovakia, and Sweden along the way. However, since this victory is not as well known as the 1980 win, it has come to be known as the "Forgotten Miracle".
The U.S. and the Soviet Union next met at the Olympics in 1988. As in 1980, the Soviets were represented by their star-studded veterans, while the Americans fielded a team of college players. The Soviets won the encounter 7–5 and went on to win the gold medal, while the U.S. placed seventh.
The two teams met again at the 1992 Olympics in a semi-final match. There, the Unified Team (the successor to the Soviet Union) won 5–2. While some stars had left the Soviet Union to play in the NHL, the Unified Team still boasted many veterans from their domestic professional league, while the Americans were represented primarily by college players. The Unified Team eventually won the gold medal, while the U.S. placed fourth.
The U.S. and Russia (the successor to the Unified Team) met twice at the 1996 World Cup of Hockey. The Americans won both games 5-2 en route to the tournament championship.
The U.S., coached by Herb Brooks, and Russia, coached by Slava Fetisov, met twice in the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, which included a 2–2 round-robin draw and a 3–2 semi-final win for the Americans. The semi-final match was played 22 years to the day after the "Miracle on Ice" game. The U.S. eventually won silver, while Russia won bronze.
The two teams met in the quarterfinals of the 2004 World Cup of Hockey, with the U.S. earning a decisive 5-3 victory.
The U.S. and Russia played each other in a round-robin game at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. The game was tied 2–2 after overtime before the Americans prevailed in an eight-round shootout, with T.J. Oshie scoring on 4 of 6 attempts for the United States. The match has been dubbed by some as the "Marathon on Ice" due to its length. Both teams, however, failed to medal; the Americans finished fourth (losing in the semis to Canada and to Finland in the bronze medal game), while the Russians placed fifth (losing to Finland in the quarterfinals).
- United States at the Olympics
- United States at the Summer Olympics
- List of United States Olympic medalists
- "All-time Summer Olympics medals table 1896-2016 | Statistic". Statista.
- "USA Men's Team Vs. Russia Was About More Than Just Hockey". Time.
- "Olympic History of Soviet Union". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-04-17.
- "Olympic History of Unified Team". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-04-17.
- "Olympic History of Russia". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-04-17.
- "Olympic History of United States". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-04-19.
- J. N. Washburn (July 21, 1974). "Soviet Amateur Athlete: A Real Pro". The New York Times.
- Burnside, Scott (February 8, 2010). "Hockey's miracle before the 'Miracle'". ESPN. Retrieved October 7, 2011.
- "The Morning Skate: The Forgotten Miracle of 1960". The New York Times. December 11, 2009. Retrieved October 7, 2011.
- "USA holds off Russia 3–2 to advance to gold medal game". CNN. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- "Team USA Beats Russia In 'Marathon On Ice'". Team USA.